Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Er sie es – Learn how to use them

er sie es in German - Learn German Easily

On this page you can practice to replace the article and the noun with er, sie and es.

If you want to practice with the personal pronouns in gereral use the following links:

>>> I, you, he, she, it in German

>>> We, you, they in German

If you want, you can also start with the German alphabet.

Use er, sie or es instead of the article and the noun

If you have a noun with a masculine article (der) then the article and the noun can be replaced with er.

If you have a noun with a feminine article (die) then the article and the noun can be replaced with sie.

And if you have a noun with a neuter article (das) then the article and the noun can be replaced with es.

der + noun => er
die + noun => sie
das + noun => es

Er, sie or es – Exercise A

How to learn with part A of the exercise

  1. Have a look at the picture.
  2. Read and listen a few times.
  3. Repeat after the speaker.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. After a few repetitions go on to part B (farther below).

Tip: Always try to imagine the situations in your mind; it will help you to remember the words!

er sie es in German - Learn German Easily

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Have a look at the example sentences: 

der Riese => er

Der Riese ist groß.
The giant is big.
Er ist groß.

_ _ _

der Zwerg => er

Der Zwerg ist klein.
The dwarf is small.
Er ist klein.

_ _ _

das Auto => es

Das Auto fährt schnell.
The car drives fast.
Es fährt schnell.

_ _ _

das Eis => es

Das Eis ist kalt.
The ice is cold.
Es ist kalt.

_ _ _

die Schnecke => sie

Die Schnecke ist langsam.
The snail is slow.
Sie ist langsam.

_ _ _

die Sonne => sie

Die Sonne ist heiß.
The sun is hot.
Sie ist heiß.

 

Use er, sie or es (not just es

Please note that in English we use the pronoun it when we talk about ‘objects’ which are not equivalent to people. In German we need to use: er, sie or es to refer to masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns.

Let’s take one example from above:

The snail is slow = Die Schnecke ist langsam.

In English we would say: It is slow (referring to the snail). In German we need to know the gender of the noun Schnecke. In German it is die Schnecke (feminine) and that’s why we need to say sie:

Sie ist langsam (not: Es ist langsam).

Please read the sentences above again.

Er, sie or es  -Exercise B:

How to learn with part B of the exercise

Question and Answer Part:

  1. Read and listen a few times to the questions and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don’t look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of my voice.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
er sie es in German - Learn German Easily

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Questions and Answers 

Frage:
Ist der Riese groß oder klein?

Kurze Antwort:
groß

Lange Antwort:
Der Riese ist groß.
Er ist groß.

Ist der Zwerg groß oder klein? 

klein
Der Zwerg ist klein.
Er ist klein.

Fährt das Auto schnell oder langsam? 

schnell
Das Auto fährt schnell.
Es fährt schnell.

Ist das Eis heiß oder kalt? 

kalt
Das Eis ist kalt.
Es ist kalt.

Ist die Schnecke langsam oder schnell? 

langsam
Die Schnecke ist langsam.
Sie ist langsam.

Ist die Sonne heiß oder kalt? 

heiß
Die Sonne ist heiß.
Sie ist heiß.

Wisst ihr wer noch heiß ist? 

Meine Nachbarin (my neighbor)
Meine Nachbarin ist auch heiß.
Sie heißt Anna. (Her name is Anna).
Anna sieht verdammt gut aus (looks damn good).

!
Don't stop now - repeat this part again!

Repeat this lesson until you can easily answer the questions.

s
Conjugation of sein and haben

The next lesson is about the conjugation of sein and haben.

These are two very important verbs in German! Conjugations can seem confusing, but just listen to the lesson and answer the question and you’ll get them.

Do you sound like a German or do you have an accent?

Don’t worry if you have an accent – so what? Nobody needs to be perfect!

And after all if you practice with my TPRS audio stories your accent will get better step by step and after a while it will vanish almost completely.

Learning German has never been easier.

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