Learn German Easily

Learn German Easily

German Alphabet ABC

In this lesson you can listen to the German alphabet.

In Germany the alphabet has 26 letters, 3 umlauts (Ä,Ö,Ü) and one ligature (ß). Some letters are pronounced very similar to the English pronunciation, but some others are a little different.

Just listen many times to the German letters and the sounds will become familiar. Also, don’t get confused by our special letters ä, ö, ü and ß.

Germany Alphabet

1. How to pronounce the German alphabet?

The pronunciation is not that difficult. Click the play button and listen to the alphabet in German.


Das Alphabet - ABC

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z, Ä, Ö, Ü, ß

2. How many letters does the alphabet have?

Many say it has 26 letters, others say it has 29 or even 30 letters.

What is true now? 🤔

Well, it depends on whether you consider the umlauts and the ß as letters.

  • It is 26 if you don’t count ä, ö, ü and the ß.
  • 29 it is in Liechtenstein and the Switzerland, with umlauts (the ß doesn’t exist there)
  • 30 we have if we include both the ß and the umlauts

3. Which article do we use for the German ABC?

All letters of the German alphabet have the same article: das.

  • das A
  • das B
  • das C
  • das D and so on

4.1 In which countries do we use the German alphabet?

Maybe you think that it is only used in Germany, but that is not true. It is also used in Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg and Liechtenstein. However, the ß is no longer used in Liechtenstein and Switzerland. Instead of the ß, an ss is written there.

4.2 What are the vowels of the German alphabet?

The five letters A, E, I, O and U of the German alphabet are called Vokale (vowels), the other letters are called Konsonanten (consonants) – for example: B, C, D, F, G, … and so on.

4.3 Special features of the German alphabet

In the German alphabet there is a special feature, namely the ß. It has many colloquial names and often causes difficulties and amazement.

Often the spelling with „ss“ is chosen in Germany, but it is actually not correct just to replace it.

5. Conclusion:

The German alphabet has 26 letters, a ligature (ß) and 3 umlauts Ä, Ö, Ü. We use the German alphabet not only in Germany but also in Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and in Luxembourg.

The five letters A, E, I, O and U of the German alphabet are called Vokale (vowels). All letters of the German alphabet have the same article: das (das A, das B etc.)

The German verb: sein (to be)

In this lesson I cover the word: ist (is) which is a form of „to be“. We usually use it with singular nouns or with the personal pronouns er, sie, es.

The Word „is“ in German

These lessons might also interest you:

German Umlauts: ä ö ü
German Articles: der die das

Overview: German lessons for beginners

Always remember:

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Learning must be fun, otherwise, it is just a waste of time!

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Lesson 1, 2, 3

Similarities between German and English

Lektion 1:
German Articles: der, die, das

Lektion 2:
Indefinite Articles: ein, eine

Lektion 3:
German Alphabet ABC

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... 25, 30, 32

Lesson 25:
German Umlauts Ä Ö Ü

Lesson 30:
Counting in German to 999,999

Lesson 32:
Funny Vocabulary Lesson

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