German Alphabet ABC

In this lesson you can listen to the German alphabet.

In Germany the alphabet has 26 letters, 3 German umlauts (Ä,Ö,Ü) and one ligature (ß). Some letters are pronounced very similar to the English pronunciation, but some others are a little different.

Just listen many times to the German letters and the sounds will become familiar. Also, don’t get confused by our special letters ä, ö, ü and ß.

ABC - Alphabet - Learn German Easily

Table of Contents: German Alphabet

1. How to pronounce the German alphabet?

The pronunciation is not difficult. Some letters sound very similar in German and English. Click the play button and listen to the alphabet in German a few times.


Das Alphabet – ABC

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z, Ä, Ö, Ü, ß

Understanding the German alphabet is a good start, but fluency in German requires knowing 7 special rules. Curious to learn more? Take the 7 Rule Challenge!

2. How many letters does the alphabet have?

Many say it has 26 letters, others say it has 29 or even 30 letters.

What is true now? 

Well, it depends on whether you consider the umlauts and the ß as letters.

  • It is 26 if you don’t count ä, ö, ü and the ß.
  • 29 it is in Liechtenstein and the Switzerland, with umlauts (the ß doesn’t exist there)
  • 30 we have if we include both the ß and the umlauts

3. Which article do we use for the German ABC?

All letters of the German alphabet have the same article: das.

  • das A
  • das B
  • das C
  • das D and so on

4.1 In which countries do we use the German alphabet?

Maybe you think that it is only used in states of Germany, but that is not true. It is also used in Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Luxembourg.

However, the ß is no longer used in Liechtenstein and Switzerland. Instead of the ß, an ss is written there.

4.2 What are the vowels of the German alphabet?

The five letters A, E, I, O and U of the German alphabet are called Vokale (vowels), the other letters are called Konsonanten (consonants) – for example: B, C, D, F, G, … and so on.

4.3 Special features of the German alphabet

In the German alphabet there is a special feature, namely the ß. It has many colloquial names and often causes difficulties and amazement.

Often the spelling with “ss” is chosen in Germany, but it is actually not correct just to replace it.

5. Conclusion:

The German alphabet has 26 letters, a ligature (ß) and 3 umlauts Ä, Ö, Ü. We use the German alphabet not only in Germany but also in Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and in Luxembourg.

The five letters A, E, I, O and U of the German alphabet are called Vokale (vowels). All letters of the German alphabet have the same article: das (das A, das B etc.)


The German verb: sein (to be)

In the next lesson I cover the word is in German which is a form of to be. We usually use it with singular nouns or with the personal pronouns er, sie, es.

But I have much more basic lessons like how to determine the German Articles: der die das for example.

If you want to learn German online, then you should also visit the other pages of my website. You will definitely find something.

Always remember:

Learn German with fun!
Learning must be fun, otherwise, it is just a waste of time!

If you want to dig deeper into the topic, you can find more information on Wiki

Here are some basic lessons to get started:

🔗 Dive Into German ABCs
🔗 der, die, das (Secret Decoded)
🔗 Unravel 'is' in German
🔗 Master 'sein' and 'haben'
🔗 Explore Umlauts Ä, Ö, Ü

For more depth, try these selected intermediate lessons:

🔗 Spice Up With Adjectives
🔗 Tense Mastery: Past to Future!
🔗 Crack Prefixes & Verbs
🔗 Clarify 'das' vs 'dass'

Blog Articles e.g.

🔗 German Work Permit: What You Need to Know and Do in Advance!

🔗 Palaces and Castles in Germany from Neuschwanstein (Cinderella’s) to Frankenstein’s Castle

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