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Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

States of Germany| Federal States Germany

As you can see in the German state map below, some states of Germany are green and others are blue. The green federal states are called „westdeutsche Länder“ (west German countries) or „alte Bundesländer“ (old federal states) and the blue ones are the so-called „neuen Bundesländer“ (new federal states).

The new federal states joined the Federal Republic of Germany on October 3, 1990 (day of reunification).

German States Map

german states map

How many states in Germany are there?

Germany consists of 16 federal states, which you can see listed below. Bayern (Bavaria), Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) and Baden-Württemberg are the largest federal states and Bremen is the smallest federal state.


Here is a list of states in Germany:

  • Berlin
  • Bayern (Bavaria)
  • Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)
  • Baden-Württemberg
  • Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate)
  • Sachsen (Saxony)
  • Thüringen (Thuringia)
  • Hessen
  • Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt)
  • Brandenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Hamburg
  • Schleswig-Holstein
  • Saarland
  • Bremen

German states and catitals

Each state has a state capital. In the following I would like to briefly introduce you to a few provincial capitals.

The provincial capital of Berlin is Berlin 😉

Berlin is not only the capital of Germany, but also of itself.

Berlin is a so-called Stadtstaat (city-state), just like Hamburg and Bremen. City-states are states that consist of only one city (except Bremen = two cities).

In the photo you can see the Glaskuppel des Reichstagsgebäudes (glass dome of the Reichstag building). In this building is the German Bundestag.

capital of Berlin

The capital of Bavaria is München (Munich)

In Bayern (Bavaria) there are beautiful landscapes and mountains to admire. Munich is a great city and has many places to go. However, if you are in Bavaria you should definitely consider visiting the famous Märchenschloss in Neuschwarnstein (fairytale castle in Neuschwarnstein). The castle is visited by about 1.5 million tourists every year. So, if you’re around, make sure to visit this castle.

Märchenschloss in Neuschwarnstein

The capital of Hessen is Wiesbaden

Wiesbaden offers a lot for tourists. There are many cultural events in the field of theater and music. On the picture below you can see the Kurhaus Wiesbaden. There are always big concerts, galas and events.

The capital of Hessen is Wiesbaden

The capital of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is Mainz

The Mainzer Rheinufer and the city center are most beautiful in the setting sun.

If you are in Mainz at the right time, you should definitely see the carnival in Mainz. The focal point is Schillerplatz with its Carnival Fountain. The highlight is the Rosenmontagsumzug (Rose Monday parade). On the picture below you can see the Gutenberg Museum.

The capital of Rhineland-Palatinate is Mainz

The capital of Saxony is Dresden

Dresden is definitely worth a visit. The old town is beautifully renovated and many attractions can be reached on foot, as they are all pretty close to each other. If you are in Dresden, you should definitely visit the Frauenkirche, the Zwinger and the Semperoper.

In the picture below you can see the Elbufer at night.

The capital of Saxony is Dresden
There are of course many more great places in the different states of Germany and I cannot list them all. So, if you are planing a trip through Germany, you should think carefully about which places you want to visit and how much time you want to spend there.

Here you can read this article in German: Bundesländer Deutschland

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Lesson 1, 2, 3

Similarities between German and English

Lektion 1:
German Articles: der, die, das

Lektion 2:
Indefinite Articles: ein, eine

Lektion 3:
German Alphabet ABC

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Lesson 25:
German Umlauts Ä Ö Ü

Lesson 30:
Counting in German to 999,999

Lesson 32:
Funny Vocabulary Lesson

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