Learn German Easily

Learn German Easily

States of Germany| Federal States Germany

As you can see in the German state map below, some states of Germany are green and others are blue.

The green federal states are called „westdeutsche Länder“ (west German countries) or „alte Bundesländer“ (old federal states) and the blue ones are the so-called „neuen Bundesländer“ (new federal states).

The new federal states joined the Federal Republic of Germany on October 3, 1990 (day of reunification).

german states map

How many states in Germany are there?

Germany consists of 16 federal states, which you can see listed below. Bayern (Bavaria), Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) and Baden-Württemberg are the largest federal states and Bremen is the smallest federal state.


Here is a list of states in Germany:

  • Berlin
  • Bayern (Bavaria)
  • Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)
  • Baden-Württemberg
  • Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate)
  • Sachsen (Saxony)
  • Thüringen (Thuringia)
  • Hessen
  • Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt)
  • Brandenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Hamburg
  • Schleswig-Holstein
  • Saarland
  • Bremen

German States Map

german states map

German states and catitals

Each state has a state capital. In the following I would like to briefly introduce you to a few provincial capitals.

The provincial capital of Berlin is Berlin 😉

Berlin is not only the capital of Germany, but also of itself.

Berlin is a so-called Stadtstaat (city-state), just like Hamburg and Bremen. City-states are states that consist of only one city (except Bremen = two cities).

In the photo you can see the Glaskuppel des Reichstagsgebäudes (glass dome of the Reichstag building). In this building is the German Bundestag.

capital of Berlin

The capital of Bavaria is München (Munich)

In Bayern (Bavaria) there are beautiful landscapes and mountains to admire. Munich is a great city and has many places to go. However, if you are in Bavaria you should definitely consider visiting the famous Märchenschloss in Neuschwarnstein (fairytale castle in Neuschwarnstein). The castle is visited by about 1.5 million tourists every year. So, if you’re around, make sure to visit this castle.

Märchenschloss in Neuschwarnstein

The capital of Hessen is Wiesbaden

Wiesbaden offers a lot for tourists. There are many cultural events in the field of theater and music. On the picture below you can see the Kurhaus Wiesbaden. There are always big concerts, galas and events.

The capital of Hessen is Wiesbaden

The capital of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is Mainz

The Mainzer Rheinufer and the city center are most beautiful in the setting sun.

If you are in Mainz at the right time, you should definitely see the carnival in Mainz. The focal point is Schillerplatz with its Carnival Fountain. The highlight is the Rosenmontagsumzug (Rose Monday parade). On the picture below you can see the Gutenberg Museum.

The capital of Rhineland-Palatinate is Mainz

The capital of Saxony is Dresden

Dresden is definitely worth a visit. The old town is beautifully renovated and many attractions can be reached on foot, as they are all pretty close to each other. If you are in Dresden, you should definitely visit the Frauenkirche, the Zwinger and the Semperoper.

In the picture below you can see the Elbufer at night.

The capital of Saxony is Dresden

There are of course many more great places in the different states of Germany and I cannot list them all. So, if you are planing a trip through Germany, you should think carefully about which places you want to visit and how much time you want to spend there.


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The biggest challenge every beginner faces

The problem with beginners is that they want to see very quick progress.

Think of when you start hitting the gym. How long do you expect to work out before you see results?

And how long is it before you actually see the results?

Look at this excerpt from US News Health:

In a perfect world, weight loss, or, more specifically, fat loss, would be instantaneous. But that's not how the human body works.

Instead, everything from your hormones to neurologic system and signals adapt to every little change in your diet and exercise

Why I’m I saying this?

Because it’s the same in learning German. And when it takes too long, you start to get weary.

Learning everyday ceases to be fun. It becomes a chore. And because the brain works to conserve energy, it sends signals to the body to deprive energy for learning and divert it to a less intense activity.

Otherwise why do you ‘feel’ like watching a quick video first and then get back to your lesson? After all, the video is just 3 minutes, isn’t it?

Only to find yourself down to six videos half an hour later, and because time is up you put off the lesson until the next day.

And if you have a daily checklist like me, it will probably look like this by the end of the week: 

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