My in German – also: his her your

Today I’m going to show you how to use the possessive pronouns: my, your, his and her in German.

If you want to practice with our, your (plural) and their then I suggest that you visit this lesson: Our in German – also your and their.

My in German - his her your - Learn German Easily

mein / dein / sein / ihr 

We use mein, dein, sein and ihr when these words refer to a noun with a masculine or neuter article.

der Opa (der = masculine article)
das Baby (das = neuter article)

We use meine, deine, seine and ihre when these words refer to a noun with a feminine or plural article.

die Oma (die = feminine article)
die Kinder (die = plural article)

My, your, his, her in German – Exercise

My in German - his her your - Learn German Easily

How To Learn With This Lesson

Today I have a little challenge for you:

Step by step you should be able to listen to longer text sections. Today you can practice it. There is only one audio for the next 4 sections.

Read the following sentences in German several times until you understand them (check the English translation when you need it).

Then read and listen to them until you do understand the audio without the text.

This will take a little longer but you can learn so much more with this lesson. Not only the topic: possessive pronouns but you will also learn new words, their pronunciation and you will become much more familiar with the German structure.


‘My’ in German = mein/meine

Mein Vater ist sehr klein.
My father is very short.

Meine Mutter ist sehr groß.
My mother is very tall.

Mein Vater ist kleiner als meine Mutter.
My father is shorter than my mother.

Mein Vater ist so klein, man kann seine Füße auf seinem Passfoto sehen! 
My father is so short, you can see his feet on his passport photo!

der Vater
=> mein Vater

die Mutter
=> meine Mutter

‘Your’ in German = dein/deine

Dein Opa ist sehr alt.
Your grandfather is very old.

Deine Oma ist sehr jung.
Your grandmother is very young.

Dein Opa ist älter als deine Oma.
Your grandfather is older than your grandmother.

Dein Opa ist so alt, seine SV-Nr* ist 1! 
Your grandfather is so old, his social security number is 1!

*SV-Nr = Sozialversicherungsnummer

der Opa
=> dein Opa

die Oma
=> deine Oma

‘His’ in German = sein/seine

Pauls Zahnarzt hat seine Zahnarztpraxis geschlossen.
Paul’s dentist has closed his dental practice.

Sein Zahnarzt hat seine Zahnarztpraxis geschlossen.
His dentist has closed his dental practice.

Seine Zähne sind sehr gelb.
His teeth are very yellow.

Seine Zähne sind so gelb, dass der Verkehr sich verlangsamt, wenn er lächelt!
His teeth are so yellow, traffic slows down when he smiles!

der Zahnarzt
=> sein Zahnarzt

die Zahnarztpraxis
=> seine Zahnarztpraxis

die Zähne (plural)
=> seine Zähne

‘Her’ in German = ihr/ihre

Marias Auto ist sauber.
Maria’s car is clean.

Ihr Auto ist sauber.
Her car is clean.

Ihre Wohnung ist schmutzig.
Her apartment is dirty.

Ihre Wohnung ist schmutziger als ihr Auto.
Her apartment is dirtier than her car.

Ihre Wohnung ist so schmutzig, sie muss ihre Schuhe putzen, bevor sie nach draußen geht. 
Her apartment is so dirty, she has to wipe her shoes before she goes outside.

das Auto
=> ihr Auto

die Wohnung
=> ihre Wohnung

die Schuhe (plural)
=> ihre Schuhe

Do you know the secret of how to learn the German language?

Don’t worry about technical terms…

… like possessive pronouns. It is far more important that you get the idea how to use the words: mein/meine, dein/deine, sein/seine, ihr/ihre. Nothing else matters!

Don't stop now - repeat this part again!

Repeat the entire lesson again until you understand the concept.

Here are some basic lessons to get started:

🔗 Dive Into German ABCs
🔗 der, die, das (Secret Decoded)
🔗 Unravel 'is' in German
🔗 Master 'sein' and 'haben'
🔗 Explore Umlauts Ä, Ö, Ü

For more depth, try these selected intermediate lessons:

🔗 Spice Up With Adjectives
🔗 Tense Mastery: Past to Future!
🔗 Crack Prefixes & Verbs
🔗 Clarify 'das' vs 'dass'

Blog Articles e.g.

🔗 German Work Permit: What You Need to Know and Do in Advance!

🔗 Palaces and Castles in Germany from Neuschwanstein (Cinderella’s) to Frankenstein’s Castle

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