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Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

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Comparative Adjectives

Basic Lesson No 33

 

Comparative Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives e.g. neu/neuer

When talking about two things, we can compare them. We can use comparative adjectives to describe the differences. It doesn’t matter how long the German adjective is, we almost always add: -er to it.

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      Lesson 33

Here are some examples: 

klein (small) => kleiner (smaller)
Kleiner is the comparative form of the adjective klein.

schnell (fast) => schneller (faster)
neu (new) => neuer (newer)

Eine Ameise ist kleiner als eine Katze.
An ant is smaller than a cat.

Ein Hund ist schneller als eine Schildkröte.
A dog is faster than a turtle.

Mein Auto ist neuer als dein Auto.
My car is newer than your car.

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Note!

Unlike in English we Germans never use the word mehr (more) to form the comparative.

Maria is more beautiful than Paula.

In German we say:
Maria ist schöner als Paula.

Comparative with Umlauts

There is an irregularity that affects the comparative. Some adjectives, almost always one-syllable, adjectives add an umlaut (ä, ö or ü). Below are some examples of the common ones:

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      Lesson 33
jung (young) = jünger (younger)
alt (old) => älter (older)

kalt (cold) => kälter (colder)
warm (warm) => wärmer (warmer)

schwach (weak) => schwächer (weaker)
stark (strong) => stärker (stronger)

klug (smart) => klüger (smarter)
dumm (dumb) dümmer (dumber)

gesund (healthy) => gesünder (healthier)
arm (poor) => ärmer (poorer)
hart (hard) => härter (harder)

Here are some example sentences:

Dein Hund ist größer als meiner.
Your dog is bigger than mine.

Ein Elefant ist stärker als eine Maus.
An elephant is stronger than a mouse.

Der Nordpol ist kälter als die Sahara Wüste.
The North Pole is colder than the Sahara Desert.

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Additional note for my students (this note is only relevant if you bought my packages).

 

Additional Note ...
If you are practicing with my packages (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package) please do not learn any grammar rules regarding the adjectives by heart.

It is not necessary! 

You just need to be aware that the endings of the adjectives can change. If you are aware of this, your brain will automatically focus on the endings while you are reading and listening to my audio stories and you will recognize and learn what causes the changes step by step.

Developing a natural feeling for this is much more effective than learning grammar rules by heart. However, please also read the following carefully and practice with the exercises.

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O&A Part

      Lesson 33
OK, let’s do an exercise with the question and answer technique (the most effective technique when it comes to save patterns in your brain.

Have you read all example sentences above? You need them now to answer the questions below. 

  • Try to answer the questions in the pauses.
  • Repeat this exercise many times.
  • With every repetition it is more likely that the patterns will be saved in your long-term memory.

Frage:
Ist eine Ameise kleiner als eine Katze?

Antwort:
Ja, eine Ameise ist kleiner als eine Katze.

Ist eine Katze größer als eine Ameise?
Ja, eine Katze ist größer als eine Ameise.

Wer ist schöner Maria oder Paula?
Natürlich (of course) Maria.
Maria ist schöner als Paula.
Maria ist sehr viel schöner als Paula.
Wusstest du das nicht? 🙂
(Didn’t you know that?)

Welches Auto ist neuer, mein Auto oder dein Auto?
Mein Auto.
Mein Auto ist neuer als dein Auto.
Dein Auto ist älter als mein Auto.

Wo ist es kälter – am Nordpol oder in der Sahara?
Ich würde sagen am Nordpol, aber ich bin nicht sicher.
(I would say at the North Pole, but I’m not sure.)

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