Logo Learn German Easily

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Accusative Case with „den“

Listen to many example sentences much farther below!

Basic Lesson No 14

Nominative and Accusative

The German Cases Nominative and Accusative

Please read the page from top to bottom carefully.

I’ll try to make it as easy as possible but the cases can be a little tricky. That’s why I recommend practicing a lot with my TPRS audio stories. If you do, you will develop a natural feeling for the cases and you don’t have to learn any rules by heart!

Today I would like to give you a first impression of the nominative and accusative case.

Nominative Case:
The nominative case is usually used for a person or thing which is doing the action.

Accusative Case:
The accusative case is usually used for a person or thing that is directly affected by the action.

Do you remember the three main articles der, die and das?

If you are not sure go back to basic lesson No 1 German Articles.

Here is a short repetition of the definite articles:

Der Mann liest (der = masculine)

Die Frau isst (die = feminine)

Das Mädchen* schreibt (das = neuter)

*Remember what I told you in basic lesson No 2: Indefinite Articles. The word Mädchen has the article das despite the fact that a girl is a female person.

In all three sentences above we have the nominative case because in each sentence we have a person (noun) who is doing some action (reading, eating, writing).

To make it a little more interesting let’s place two nouns in some sentences, one in the nominative and the other one in the accusative case.

Don’t forget to check out all my other Lessons

Let's work our way through

Scenario 1

Nominative / Accusative – Scenario 1

Let’s have a look at a sentence with the verb hauen (to beat):

das Mädchen
das Kind

>> Das Mädchen haut das Kind.

Did you notice that there are two nouns in the sentence?

By the way, do you know how to recognize a noun? Anything that you can put the word the or in German der, die, das in front of, is a noun (der Baum, das Wasser, die Limonade).

One of the two nouns is playing the leading part and is doing the action.

The girl (das Mädchen) is playing the leading part, because the girl is doing something. The child (das Kind) is not playing the leading part but it is directly involved.

1st noun = Mädchen (leading part) = doing the action = nominative case

2nd noun = Kind = not doing the action but directly involved = accusative case

Let's work our way through

Scenario 2

Nominative / Accusative – Scenario 2

Now we change the sentence a little:

das Mädchen
die Frau

>> Das Mädchen haut die Frau.

1st noun = Mädchen (leading part) = doing the action = nominative case

2nd noun = Frau = not doing the action but directly involved = accusative case

So far, so good 🙂

Let's work our way through

Scenario 3

Nominative / Accusative – Scenario 3

So far nothing has changed in the accusative case. So what’s all the fuss about? Watch closely! It might happen something unexpected.

das Mädchen
der Mann

>> Das Mädchen haut den Mann.

Wow – what’s this? „den“ ??? 😮
I go nuts! – Please call the doctor!

Mädchen = neuter => das
Mann = masculine => den ???
Mmmm – why not der?

Let’s see:

1st noun = Mädchen (leading part) = doing the action = nominative case

2nd noun = Mann = not doing the action but directly involved = accusative case

It is because the article der changes to den in the accusative case!

Don’t forget to check out all my other Lessons

More Examples

Try to recognize the pattern

Nominative / Accusative – More Examples

For now it is enough when you notice that we use „den“ when the noun does not play the leading part and it is masculine. In all these example sentences the first noun is in the nominative case and the second noun is in the accusative case.

Note that the articles die and das stay the same in the accusative and that the article der changes to den.

Der Mann haut den Mann.
Der Mann haut die Frau.
Der Mann haut das Kind.

Die Frau haut den Mann.
Die Frau haut die Frau.
Die Frau haut das Kind.

Das Kind haut den Mann.
Das Kind haut die Frau.
Das Kind haut das Kind.

Plural Accusative:

Der Mann haut die Frauen.
Die Frau haut die Frauen.
Das Kind haut die Frauen.
Die Frauen hauen die Frauen.

der die das - Nominative and Accusative

Interrogatives (question words)

Wen? Wer?

Wen? Wer? – Identify the German Cases

If there are people involved then we need the question word: wen to identify the noun (person) that is in the accusative.

With the question word: wer we can identify the noun (person) that is in the nominative.

For example:  

Die Frau haut den Mann.

Frage:
Wer haut (den Mann)?

Antwort:
die Frau
Die Frau haut den Mann.

Frage:
Wen haut die Frau?

Antwort:
den Mann
Die Frau haut den Mann.

How To Learn With Part A

  1. Read and listen a few times.
  2. Repeat after the speaker.
  3. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  4. After a few repetitions go on to part B (farther below).

Click the play button

 

 

      Lesson 14A

Now it is your part:

Martin haut das Kind.
Martin is beating the child.

Monika haut die Frau.
Monika is beating the woman.

Peter haut den Mann.
Peter is beating the man.

Don’t forget to check out all my other Lessons

Nominative and Accusative

Basic Lesson No 14B

Nominative and Accusative

How To Learn With Part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.
How to learn with part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.

Click the play button

 

 

      Lesson 14B

Fragen und Antworten

1) Martin haut das Kind.

Frage:
Wer haut das Kind?

Kurze Antwort:
Martin

Lange Antwort:
Martin haut das Kind.

Wen haut Martin?  

das Kind
Martin haut das Kind.

2) Monika haut die Frau.

Wer haut die Frau?  

Monika
Monika haut die Frau.

Wen haut Monika? 

die Frau
Monika haut die Frau.

3) Peter haut den Mann.

Wer haut den Mann? 

Peter
Peter haut den Mann.

Wen haut Peter?  

den Mann
Peter haut den Mann.

Hast du bemerkt, wann wir „wer?“ und wann wir „wen?“ benutzen? Hier ist ein Tipp: Es hat etwas zu tun mit: Wer spielt die Hauptrolle?

Did you notice when we use „wer?“ and when we use „wen?“ Here’s a hint: It has something to do with: Who plays the leading part?

The Verb: „hauen“

Amost finished 🙂

It is very important that you get familiar with the verb structure and that’s why I want to add this little bonus.

Click the play button

 

 

      Lesson 14C

The verb „hauen“ = to beat (regular verb)

Singular:

Ich haue
Du haust
Er haut
Sie haut
Es haut

Plural:

Wir hauen
Ihr haut
Sie hauen

Click the play button

 

 

      Motivation

Never give up!

Wenn du glaubst, dass dieses kompliziert ist, mach dir keine Sorgen! Es ist nur eine Frage des Übens. Und ich werde dieses Thema in späteren Lektionen wiederholen.

1. Gebe (gib) niemals auf!

2. Wiederhole diese Lektion viele Male.

If you think this is complicated, don’t worry! It’s just a matter of practice. And I will repeat this matter in further lessons.

1) Never give up!

2) Repeat this lesson many times!

Don’t forget to check out all my other Lessons

Keep it up – you can do it!

Lucas - Learn German Easily

OOO

Join my free email course

 

Use this menu to find more lessons

More ...

Sign up: 
Free Email Course

Current Local Time in Germany:
Time in Germany

Learning Tip
Voc Learning Tips

Contest
Language Lovers

Contact me
Drop me a line

Load Mp3/PDF files 
onto mobile devices

Link to me 
Help this project

Online Store  
TPRS GER/ENG

>>> My Facebook Account

More than 250,000 fans!

>>> My Twitter Account

More than 50,000 followers!

Download my TPRS Audio Stories (GER/ENG)

More than 10,000 happy customers.

Created by Lucas Kern