First Contact with the Case Accusative – 14

 

Basic German Lessons

First contact with the case: "accusative"

 

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Please read the site from top to bottom.
Then do the audio lesson further down.

The cases can be a little tricky and this is just the first contact,
but you will learn it sooner or later – I promise.

Do you remember the three main articles "der", "die" and "das"?
If you are not sure go back to Lesson 1


Here is a short repetition:

Der Mann liest (masculine)
Die Frau isst (feminine)

Das Mädchen schreibt  (neuter)

 

Example 1

Let's have a look at the next sentence with the verb "hauen" (to beat):

>> Das Mädchen haut das Kind.

Did you notice that there are two nouns in the sentence?
One of the two nouns plays the leading part.

The girl (das Mädchen) plays the leading part, because the girl is
doing something. The child (
das Kind) does not play the leading part.

1. noun = Mädchen (leading part)
2. noun = Kind

"Mädchen" = neuter => "das"
"Kind" =
neuter => "das"

 

Example 2

Now we change the sentence a little:

>> Das Mädchen haut die Frau.

1. noun = Mädchen (leading part)
2. noun = Frau

"Mädchen" = neuter => "das"
"Frau" =
feminine => "die"

So far, so good  smiley

 

Example 3

Now watch closely. It might happen something unexpected.

Das Mädchen haut den Mann.

Wow – what's this?  "den" ???  indecision

I go nuts! – Please call the doctor!

Let's see:

1. noun = Mädchen (leading part)
2. noun = Mann

"Mädchen" = neuter => "das"
"Mann" = masculine => "
den" ??? – Mmmm –  why not "der"?

It has something to do with the case: "accusative". But don't worry, it is far too early to think about the cases (nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative). I will cover the cases every now and then in little portions.

 

More examples:

For now it is enough when you notice:

We use "den" when the noun does not play the leading part
and it is masculine like in these examples:


Der Mann haut den Mann.
Der
Mann haut die Frau.
Der Mann haut das Kind.

Die Frau haut den Mann.
Die Frau haut die Frau.
Die Frau haut das Kind.

Das Kind haut den Mann.
Das Kind haut die Frau.
Das Kind haut das Kind.

 


 

And now the questions:

When people are involved, like in our sentences
"der Mann", "die Frau" and "
das Kind" we ask "wer?" or "wen?".

Try to figure out when we use "wer?" and when we use "wen?"

 


 

Now it is your part.
Listen and try to answer the questions:

 

 

Click the play button and listen

 

  Martin haut das Kind.   Martin is beating the child.
  Monika haut die Frau.   Monika is beating the woman.
  Peter haut den Mann.   Peter is beating the man.

 

 


 

Question and Answer Part

Click the play button

Listen and try to answer the questions

 

Wer haut das Kind?
Antwort (answer): Martin
Martin haut das Kind.


Wen haut Martin?
Antwort: das Kind
Martin haut das Kind.


Wer haut die Frau?
Antwort: Monika
Monika haut die Frau.


Wen haut Monika?
Antwort: die Frau
Monika haut die Frau.


Wer haut den Mann?
Antwort: Peter
Peter haut den Mann.


Wen haut Peter?
Antwort: den Mann
Peter haut den Mann.


Hast du bemerkt, wann wir "wer?" und wann wir "wen?" benutzen?
Hier ist ein Tipp: Es hat etwas zu tun mit: Wer spielt die Hauptrolle?

Did you notice when we use "wer?" and when we use "wen?"
Here's a hint: It has something to do with: Who plays the leading part?

 

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Click the play button and listen

 

The verb "hauen" = "to beat" (regular verb).

Ich haue
Du haust
Er haut
Sie haut
Es haut

Wir hauen
Ihr haut
Sie hauen

 

 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more mini lessons step by step.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Wenn du glaubst, dass dieses kompliziert ist, mach dir keine Sorgen!
Es ist nur eine Frage des Übens.
Und ich werde dieses Thema in späteren Lektionen wiederholen.

1. Gebe niemals auf!
2. Wiederhole diese Lektion viele Male.

 

If you think this is complicated, don't worry!
It's just a matter of practice.
And I will repeat this matter in further lessons.

1. Never give up!
2. Repeat this lesson many times!

Now go to Important German Words and Phrases – Part 1

 

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Datum: Donnerstag, 2. Februar 2012 16:46
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