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Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Basic Lesson No 13

The Irregular Verbs: „sein“ and „haben“

Basic German Lesson 1 and 2
s

Regular and Irregular Verbs

The verbs sein (to be) and haben (to have) are the two most important German words and you have to know them well if you want to survive in German.

Most verbs are regular. A regular verb is a verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern.

Do you remember Basic Lesson No 11?
At the bottom of this lesson I showed you the regular verb: trinken:

Singular

ich trinke
du trinkst
er, sie, es trinkt

Plural

wir trinken
ihr trinkt
sie trinken

Sein and haben for instance are irregular verbs.

We use these two words in many situations and also in compound tenses (but always step by step). Let’s practice a little with the verb sein and the new words that you learned in the previous lesson. Please note that the verb sein doesn’t conjugate in the same way as the verb trinken. We even use different words: bin, bist, ist, sind, seid.

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      Lesson 13

The verb: sein = to be (irregular verb)

Singular

Ich bin klein.
Du bist groß.
Er ist langsam.
Sie ist heiß.
Es ist kalt.

Plural

Wir sind schlau (smart).
Ihr seid toll (great).
Sie sind dumm (stupid).

The German word: „haben“

Now let’s practice a little with the irregular verb: haben.

How To Learn With Part A

  1. Read and listen a few times.
  2. Repeat after the speaker.
  3. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  4. After a few repetitions go on to part B (farther below).

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      Lesson 13A

Have a look at the example sentences:

Ich habe ein Fahrrad.
I have a bike.

Du hast zwei Ohren.
You have two ears.

Hanna hat drei Exmänner.
Hanna has three ex-husbands.

Sie hat drei Exmänner.
She has three ex-husbands.

Wolfgang hat vier Freundinnen.
Wolfgang has four girlfriends.

Er hat vier Freundinnen.
He has four girlfriends.

Das Auto hat fünf Beulen.
The car has five dents.

Es hat fünf Beulen.
It has five dents.

Wir haben sechs Haustiere.
We have six pets.

Ihr habt sieben Tage pro Woche zum Deutsch lernen.
You have seven days a week to learn German.

Sie haben acht Kinder.
They have eight children.

Basic Lesson No 13B

The Irregular Verbs: „haben“

How To Learn With Part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.
How to learn with part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.

Click the play button

      Lesson 13B

Questions and Answers

Frage:
Was habe ich – ein Fahrrad oder ein Skateboard?

Kurze Antwort:
ein Fahrrad

Lange Antwort:
Ich habe ein Fahrrad.

Hast du drei Ohren?
Nein, natürlich nicht (of course not).
Du hast zwei Ohren.
Na ja, ich hoffe es (well, I hope so).

Was hat das Auto?
Beulen
Das Auto hat Beulen.
Es hat Beulen.

Wie viele Beulen hat das Auto?
fünf
Das Auto hat fünf Beulen.
Es hat fünf Beulen.

Wir haben fünf Haustiere – oder?
Nein, wir haben nicht fünf Haustiere.
Wir haben sechs Haustiere.

Wie viele Tage habt ihr pro Woche zum Deutsch lernen?
sieben
Ihr habt sieben Tage.
Ihr habt sieben Tage pro Woche.
Ihr habt sieben Tage pro Woche zum Deutsch lernen.

Und ihr solltet das auch jeden Tag tun – mindestens fünf bis zehn Minuten!!!
(And you should do that every day – at least five to ten minutes!!!)

Wie viele Kinder haben sie (they)?
acht
Sie haben acht Kinder.

Wie viele (how many) Exmänner hat Hanna?
drei
Hanna hat drei Exmänner.
Sie hat nicht nur (only) einen Exmann oder zwei Exmänner.
Nein, sie hat drei Exmänner.
Ziemlich viele (quite a lot)

Wie viele Freundinnen hat Wolfgang?
vier
Wolfgang hat vier Freundinnen.
Ich habe noch nicht einmal eine Freundin.
(I don’t even have one girlfriend.)

s

Ich habe Hunger (I am hungry)

By the way, usually we translate sein with to be and haben with to have but please note that in a lot of cases you cannot translate word by word.

For example:

In German we say: Ich habe Hunger (translated literally it means: I have hunger).

Gib niemals auf mit dem Deutsch lernen!

Ich weiß, es ist ein langer Weg, aber denke immer daran: „Der beste Weg, um deine Zukunft vorauszusagen, ist sie selbst zu erschaffen.“

Never give up! I know it is a long way but keep this in mind: „The best way to predict your future is to create it.“

Keep it up – you can do it!

Lucas - Learn German Easily

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Created by Lucas Kern