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Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Basic Lesson No 12

Personal Pronouns instead of articles and nouns

s

Use „er“, „sie“ or „es“ instead of the article and the noun

If you have a noun with a masculine article (der) then the article and the noun can be replaced with er.

If you have a noun with a feminine article (die) then the article and the noun can be replaced with sie.

And if you have a noun with a neuter article (das) then the article and the noun can be replaced with es.

You can use the personal pronouns er, sie or es instead of the article and the noun.

der + noun => er
die + noun => sie
das + noun => es

Basic German Lesson 1 and 2

How To Learn With Part A

  1. Have a look at the picture.
  2. Read and listen a few times.
  3. Repeat after the speaker.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. After a few repetitions go on to part B (farther below).

Click the play button

      Lesson 12A

Have a look at the example sentences:

der Riese => er

Der Riese ist groß.
The giant is big.
Er ist groß.

_ _ _

der Zwerg => er

Der Zwerg ist klein.
The dwarf is small.
Er ist klein.

_ _ _

das Auto => es

Das Auto fährt schnell.
The car drives fast.
Es fährt schnell.

_ _ _

das Eis => es

Das Eis ist kalt.
The ice is cold.
Es ist kalt.

_ _ _

die Schnecke => sie

Die Schnecke ist langsam.
The snail is slow.
Sie ist langsam.

_ _ _

die Sonne => sie

Die Sonne ist heiß.
The sun is hot.
Sie ist heiß.

s

Use „er, sie or es“ (not just „es“)

Please note that in English we use the pronoun “it” when we talk about “objects” which are not equivalent to people. In German we need to use: er, sie or es to refer to masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns.

Let’s take one example from above:

The snail is slow = Die Schnecke ist langsam.

In English we would say: It is slow (referring to the snail). In German we need to know the gender of the noun “Schnecke”. In German it is “die” Schnecke (feminine) and that’s why we need to say “sie”:

Sie ist langsam (not: Es ist langsam).

Please read the sentences above again.

Basic Lesson No 12B

Personal Pronouns instead of articles and nouns

Basic German Lesson 1 and 2

How To Learn With Part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.
How to learn with part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.

Click the play button

      Lesson 12B

Questions and Answers

Frage:
Ist der Riese groß oder klein?

Kurze Antwort:
groß

Lange Antwort:
Der Riese ist groß.
Er ist groß.

Ist der Zwerg groß oder klein?
klein
Der Zwerg ist klein.
Er ist klein.

Fährt das Auto schnell oder langsam?
schnell
Das Auto fährt schnell.
Es fährt schnell.

Ist das Eis heiß oder kalt?
kalt
Das Eis ist kalt.
Es ist kalt.

Ist die Schnecke langsam oder schnell?
langsam
Die Schnecke ist langsam.
Sie ist langsam.

Ist die Sonne heiß oder kalt?
heiß
Die Sonne ist heiß.
Sie ist heiß.

Wisst ihr wer noch heiß ist?
Meine Nachbarin (my neighbor)
Meine Nachbarin ist auch heiß.
Sie heißt Anna. (Her name is Anna).
Anna sieht verdammt gut aus (looks damn good).

Don’t you sound like a German?

Don’t worry if you have an accent – so what? Nobody needs to be perfect! And after all if you practice with my TPRS audio stories your accent will get better step by step and after a while it will vanish almost completely.

Keep it up – you can do it!

Lucas - Learn German Easily

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Created by Lucas Kern