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Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

Learn German Easily

Created by Lucas Kern

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Basic Lesson No 11

Confusing German word: sie/Sie

s

Personal pronoun: sie/Sie

This personal pronoun is a little tricky because it has three meanings and sometimes you can see it with a capital letter.

sie, sie und Sie – what? 😮

Here are the three meanings:

she => sie
they => sie
you (polite) => Sie

And to make it not too easy (just kidding) you have to know that we have two different words in German for the English personal pronoun “you”:

1) du
2) Sie*

*Please note that it is always written with a capital “S”.

We use “Sie” (when we talk to strangers, our boss, waiters, authority figures like police officers or in general when we talk to people who we don’t know so well.

We use the word “du” when we talk to people who we know very well for example our friends and family and we use it when we talk to kids.

Basic German Lesson 1 and 2

How To Learn With Part A

  1. Read and listen a few times.
  2. Repeat after the speaker.
  3. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  4. After a few repetitions go on to part B (farther below).

Click the play button

      Lesson 11A

Have a look at the example sentences and you will understand the differences:

sie = she 

Maria trinkt gerne Wasser.
Maria likes to drink water.

Sie trinkt gerne Wasser.
She likes to drink water.

_ _ _

sie = they

Männer trinken gerne Bier.
Men like to drink beer.

Sie trinken gerne Bier.
They like to drink beer.

_ _ _

Sie = you (polite)

Talking to a stranger:
Können Sie mir helfen?
Could you help me?

_ _ _

du = you (familiar)

Talking to a friend:
Kannst du mir helfen?
Could you help me?

_ _ _

Sie = you (polite)

Talking to a stranger:
Entschuldigen Sie!
Excuse me!

Sie stehen in einer Pfütze.
You are standing in a puddle.

_ _ _

du = you (familiar)

Talking to a friend:
Hey, du stehst in einer Pfütze.
Hey, you are standing in a puddle.

Basic Lesson No 11B

Confusing German word: sie/Sie

Basic German Lesson 1 and 2

How To Learn With Part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.
How to learn with part B

Question and Answer Part

This technique is very effective to save new information (the words, pronunciation, structure etc.) in your brain. Don't be afraid of part B. I use the same words as in part A.

  1. Read and listen a few times to the question and answers.
  2. Answer the questions in the pauses (you may look also at the answers).
  3. After a few times don't look at the answers anymore.
  4. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker.
  5. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily.
  6. Sign up to my e-mail course and learn how to use the storytelling method (TPRS method) in order to learn to speak German fluently.

Click the play button

      Lesson 11B

Questions and Answers 

Frage:
Was trinkt Maria gerne – Wasser oder Limonade?

Kurze Antwort:
Wasser
Lange Antwort:
Maria trinkt gerne Wasser.

Wer (who) trinkt gerne Wasser?
Maria
Maria trinkt gerne Wasser.

Was trinken Babys gerne?
Milch
Babys trinken gerne Milch.
Und sie trinken besonders gerne (particularly fond of) Muttermilch (breast milk).

Trinken Männer auch gerne Muttermilch?
Nein, natürlich nicht (of course not).
Männer trinken doch keine Muttermilch.

Was trinken Männer gerne?
Bier
Männer trinken gerne Bier.
Das weiß doch jedes Baby.
(Every baby knows that.)

Was ist in einer Regenpfütze* – Wasser oder Limonade?
Wasser
In einer Regenpfütze ist Wasser.
Keine Limonade.
Also niemals aus einer Pfütze trinken! (So never drink from a puddle!) 😉

*Regenpfütze is a compound word. We have the word Regen (rain) and Pfütze (puddle) in it. We Germans love compound words. 🙂

Do you know the word: Windschutzscheibenwaschanlage? = windscreen washer

Crazy isn’t it 😉

s

The „pf“ Sound

The „pf“ sound is not easy!

And it is ok if you just use an F-sound instead of a PF-sound.

Click the play button

      Lesson 11C

„p“ + „f“ = „pf“

Pfütze, Pfütze oder sage einfach Pfütze (mit einem F-Laut). 
Pfütze
, Pfütze or just say Pfütze (with an Fsound).

Pferd, Pferd oder Pferd (mit einem F-Laut).
Pferd
, Pferd or Pferd (with an F-sound).

(Das Pferd = the horse)

Don’t worry about the difficult pronunciation!

You will get better and better, you just need a lot of practice.

Es ist noch kein Meister vom Himmel gefallen!
Means: No one is born a master!

And by the way, don’t worry about your accent. I have an accent too. Whenever I talk English I have a German accent – so what? I don’t care! After all I’m German and not English. 😉

Nobody needs to be perfect!

Basic German Lesson 1 and 2

Click the play button

      Lesson 11D

The regular verb „trinken“

Here is a little bonus:

We used the word trinken (to drink) above and I want to show you how to conjugate this regular verb:

Und nur zum Üben (just for practice):

Ich trinke

Du trinkst

Er, sie, es trinkt

Wir trinken

Ihr trinkt

Sie trinken

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Keep it up – you can do it!

Lucas - Learn German Easily



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Created by Lucas Kern