The Future Tense

 

Basic German Lessons

The German Future Tense 

 

Future Tense - German

 

The future tense in German is not that difficult. If you read the following carefully you will master this subject very fast. 

 

Using the present tense to express the future

In many cases you can use the present tense and just add some words or time phrases that indicate the future.


For example:

 Click the play button and listen

in 20 Minuten in 20 minutes 
heute Abend tonight 
morgen tomorrow
morgen früh tomorrow morning
übermorgen the day after tomorrow
nächste Woche next week

 

Some example sentences:

 Click the play button and listen

Deine Schwester besucht dich nächsten Monat.
Your sister is visiting you next month. 

Mein Bruder fliegt nächstes Jahr nach Deutschland. 
My brother is flying to Germany next year.

Ich spiele morgen Piano. 
I'm playing the piano tomorrow.

As you can see the German verbs are in the present tense. 

 

The Future I

If you want to express the future tense you can almost always use the word "werden". It is not difficult and if you do understand the pattern then you can transform every sentence easily into the future form. Even irregular verbs are easy because they follow the same pattern. You only need to know how to conjugate one word = "werden" (will / become).

 Click the play button and listen

pronoun werden meaning
     
ich  werde I will (I become)
du wirst you will (you become)
er / sie / es wird he/she/it will (he/she/it becomes)
wir werden we will (we become)
ihr werdet you will (you become)
sie / Sie*  werden they/you will (they/you become)

*Sie = polite form of you.

 

Let's take a look at some sentences:

 Click the play button and listen

Ich lerne Deutsch.
I study German. (I'm studying German.) 

Du lernst Deutsch.
You study German. (You're studying German.) 

Er lernt Deutsch.
He studies German. (He is studying German.)  


If you want to transform these sentences into the future tense you just replace the verbs (lerne, lernst, lernt) with the conjugated form of "werden" and put the verb "lernen" at the end of the sentence in the main form (full verb). Remember – German verbs (in the basic form) have mostly an "en" at the end.

 

Ich lerne Deutsch.

1) Replace "lerne" with "werde"
2) Change "lerne" to the full verb "lernen" and put it to the end of the sentence.

Gegenwart (present): Ich lerne Deutsch.
Zukunft (future) => Ich werde Deutsch lernen


Gegenwart: Du lernst Deutsch. 
Zukunft: Du wirst Deutsch lernen.  


Gegenwart: Er lernt Deutsch. 
Zukunft: Er wird Deutsch lernen.

 

Here are more examples.

 Click the play button and listen

Gegenwart
Ich
fliege zum Mond.
I'm flying to the moon. 

Zukunft
Ich
werde zum Mond fliegen.
I will fly to the moon.

 

Du liest ein Buch.
You are reading a book. 

Du wirst ein Buch lesen.
You will read a book.

 

Maria küsst Fabian 
Maria is kissing Fabian.  

Maria wird Fabian küssen.
Maria will kiss Fabian.  

 

Wir kaufen ein Auto.
We are buying a car. 

Wir werden ein Auto kaufen.
We will buy a car.

 

Ihr* trinkt Orangensaft.
* Ihr = in the sense of "you all".
You are drinking orange juice. 

Ihr werdet Orangensaft trinken.
You will drink orange juice. 

 

Sie gehen in die Schule.
They go to school. 

Sie werden in die Schule gehen.
They will go to school.

 

Remember:

The conjugated verb will be replaced by the conjugated form of the word "werden" and then goes to the end of the sentence in the main form. 

Note: In English there is also the possibility to use "I’m going to…" to express the future. Don't translate it literally to German, it would make no sense! 

 

 

Of course you can add words or time phrases in addition:

 Click the play button and listen

Gegenwart: 
Ich
fliege zum Mond.
I'm flying to the moon. 

Zukunft:
Ich
werde nächste Woche zum Mond fliegen.
I will fly to the moon next week. 

 

Du liest ein Buch.
You are reading a book. 

Du wirst morgen ein Buch lesen.
You will read a book tomorrow.

 

Maria küsst Fabian 
Maria is kissing Fabian.

Maria wird heute Abend Fabian küssen.
Maria will kiss Fabian tonight.  

 

Don't worry about grammar or word order too much. If you practice with my packages regularly (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package) you will learn these things automatically just by listening and without learning any rules by heart. I recommend doing these online basic lessons only in addition to my packages to deepen your knowledge of the German language.  

 

 

Question and Answer Part.

Future Tense - German

 Click the play button and listen

Listen and try to answer the questions before the recorded speaker. Do this exercise several times until you can answer the questions easily out loud.

 

Ich werde zum Mond fliegen.  

Frage: Wohin werde ich fliegen? 
Kurze Antwort: Zum Mond
Lange Antwort: Ich werde zum Mond fliegen. 


Du wirst ein Buch lesen. 

Frage: Wirst du ein Buch oder eine Zeitung (newspaper) lesen? 
Kurze Antwort: Ein Buch.
Lange Antwort: Du wirst ein Buch lesen.  


Wir werden heute Abend ein Auto kaufen. 

Frage: Werden wir heute Abend ein Auto kaufen?
Ja, wir werden heute Abend ein Auto kaufen. 


Maria wird Fabian küssen. 

Frage: Wird Maria Klaus küssen?
Antwort: Nein, Maria wird nicht Klaus küssen.
Antwort: Maria wird Fabian küssen.  

Frage: Wird Maria Fabian so richtig abknutschen (smother with kisses)?
Antwort: Genau (that's right), Maria wird Fabian so richtig abknutschen.

 

_ _ _ 

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How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar (like this basic lesson on this page). If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

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> 40% practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

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Datum: Mittwoch, 22. Juni 2016 12:04
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