Beitrags-Archiv für die Kategory 'Basic German'

The Adjectives

Dienstag, 11. Oktober 2016 13:21

 

Basic German Lessons

The German Adjectives  


Please read this before you start with the lesson:

This lesson could be a little confusing if you do it for the first time. However, I recommend reading all of it from top to bottom very carefully. Take your time! You don't need to understand all of the rules instantly but you need to be aware that the word endings of adjectives can change.  

Additional note for my students:

If you are practicing with my packages (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package) please don't learn any grammar rules regarding the adjectives by heart. It is not necessary. You just need to be aware that the endings of the adjectives can change. If you are aware of this, your brain will automatically focus on the endings while you are reading my stories and you will recognize and learn what causes the changes step by step. Developing a natural feeling for this is much more effective than learning grammar rules by heart. However, please also read this page carefully and practice with the exercises below.

 

German grammar makes me look like this

 

 

What are adjectives?

Adjectives are used to describe or characterize things or people. They are necessary to make the meanings of sentences more exact or clearer.

Here are some examples:  

  Click the play button and listen

Colors:
rot (red), blau (blue), gelb (yellow), orange (orange), grün (green) … 

Adjectives to describe time:
früh (early), spät (late), schnell (fast), langsam (slow) … 

Adjectives to describe an emotion or feeling:
hungrig (hungry), fröhlich (cheerful), glücklich (happy), nervös (nervous) … 

Adjectives to describe size:
klein (little), lang (long), dünn (thin), winzig (tiny) …  

Adjectives to describe taste: 
süß, (sweet), salzig (salty), bitter (bitter), lecker (tasty) … 

Adjectives to describe touch:
kalt (cold), warm (warm), nass (wet), weich (soft) … 

Adjectives to describe sound:
laut (loud), leise (quiet), still (silent), schrill (shrill) … 

​Adjectives to describe shape: 
rund (round), flach (flat), gebogen (curved), hohl (hollow) …

and much much more …

 

Do I have to decline German adjectives?

Well, yes and no. Let me explain this.

Have you ever wondered why German adjectives often change their word ending? For example the word "blau" (which means: blue). 

Sometimes we just write: "blau" but other times we write: blaue, blauen, blaues, blauer – What the heck is this?

Even I think this is absurd, and I'm a native German speaker wink  


Here is the thing:

German adjectives can come …

a) after the noun or
b) before the noun.

This is very important to know because the adjectives are generally declined/inflected when they come before a noun and they are not when they come after the noun.

Do you know what a noun is? 
Any word in front of which you can place one of the articles: "der", "die" or "das" (or the English article "the") is a noun.

For example: der Himmel (the sky), die Sonne = (the sun), das Auto (the car).

German adjectives that come after the noun are not declined/inflected and often separated from the noun by a form of "sein" (to be) like: "ist" (is) if the noun is in a singular form or "sind" (are) if the noun is in the plural form.
 

Do you remember Basic Lesson No 4?

In Basic Lesson No 4 you practiced with sentences that follow this structure with the word "ist". 

As you can see in the sample sentences, the adjectives come after the nouns and are separated from the nouns by the word "ist".

  Click the play button and listen

 

  Der Himmel ist blau.   The sky is blue.
       
  Die Sonne ist gelb.   The sun is yellow.
       
  Der Nordpol ist kalt.   The North Pole is cold.
       
  Die Hölle ist heiß.   The Hell is hot.

 

As you can see the adjectives: "blau", "gelb", "kalt" and "heiß" are not declined/inflected because they come after the nouns

So remember, the easiest way to describe a noun with an adjective is to put the adjective after the noun. This way you don't have to think about declination at all.

 

Let's do some exercises: 

I'm going to give you a part of a sentence and then I will ask a question. You will then answer the question by changing the structure so that the adjective comes after the noun. 

  Click the play button and listen

Part of a sentence:
Der blaue Himmel (the blue sky) 

Question: 
Wie ist der Himmel? 

Your answer:
Der Himmel ist blau


Let's do some more:  

Die gelbe Sonne (the yellow sun)
Wie ist die Sonne?
=> Die Sonne ist
gelb.


Der kalte Nordpol (the cold North Pole)
Wie ist der Nordpol?
=> Der Nordpol ist
kalt.


Die heiße Hölle (the hot Hell)
Wie ist die Hölle?
=> Die Hölle ist
heiß.


Das schnelle Rennauto (the fast racing car) 
Wie ist das Rennauto?
=> Das Rennauto ist
schnell.


Ein schnelles Rennauto (a fast racing car) 
Wie ist ein Rennauto?
=> Ein Rennauto ist
schnell.


Eine kleine Maus (a little mouse)
Wie ist eine Maus – groß oder klein?
Eine Maus ist
klein


Die kleinen Mäuse (the little mice)
Wie sind die Mäuse?
Die Mäuse sind*
klein
*We use "sind" because the noun "Mäuse" is in the plural form.

 

Using a pronoun instead of a noun

I want to seize the chance and integrate something into this lesson that you have learned in a previous lesson. You already know from lesson No 5, 9 and 10 that instead of a noun you can also use a pronoun like: ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr and sie.

If you don't know what I'm talking about you could check out these lessons wink 

Basic Lesson 5
Basic Lesson 9 and 
Basic Lesson 10

 

For example: 

You can replace the noun: "Himmel"
with the pronoun: "er" (he) because "Himmel" is masculine (der Himmel). 

You can replace the noun: "Sonne"
with the pronoun: "sie" (she) because it is 
feminine (die Sonne). 

You can replace the noun: "Rennauto"
with the pronoun: "es" (it) because it is 
neuter (das Rennauto). 

You can replace the noun: "Rennautos"
with the pronoun: "sie" (they) because it is a plural noun
 (die* Rennautos).
* A plural noun has always the article "die". It doesn't matter if the gender is 
masculine, feminine or neuter. 

 

OK let's do these exercises:

I'm going to give you a sentence with a noun and then I will ask a question but instead of the noun I will use the correct pronoun. Then you will answer the question using the same pronoun. This way you can practice pronouns and you will be remembered that the German adjective – when it comes after the noun/pronoun – is not declined/inflected.

 

  Click the play button and listen

Part of a sentence:
Der blaue Himmel (the blue sky) 

Question: 
Wie ist er

Your answer:
Er ist blau


Die gelbe Sonne (the yellow sun) 
Wie ist sie?
=> Sie ist
gelb.


Der kalte Nordpol (the cold North Pole)
Wie ist er?
=> Er ist
kalt


Das schnelle Rennauto (the fast racing car) 
Wie ist es?
=> Es ist
schnell


Die kleinen Mäuse (the little mice)
Wie sind sie (they)?
Sie sind*
klein
*We use "sind" because the noun "Mäuse" is in the plural form.

 

So far we have replaced the nouns with the following pronouns: 

er (he), sie (she), es (it) and sie (they)
and that's why we use "ist" and " sind" to separate the noun/pronoun from the adjective: 

Er ist = he is  
Sie ist = she is
Es
ist = it is 

Sie sind = they are

If you want to use the other pronouns (ich, du, wir, ihr) then you need to use the matching form of "sein" (to be)

Do you know how to conjugate the verb "sein" (to be)?

Here it comes:

The verb "sein" = "to be" (irregular verb).

  Click the play button and listen

Ich bin = I am 
Du
bist = you are
Er 
ist = he is
Sie 
ist = she is
Es
ist = it is 

Wir sind = we are 
Ihr
seid = you (all) are 
Sie
sind = they are

 

Examples with the remaining pronouns:

  Click the play button and listen

Ich bin glücklich (happy).

Du bist hungrig (hungry).

Wir sind laut (loud).

Ihr seid langsam (slow).

As you can see the pattern is still the same. When the adjective comes after the noun (in this case the pronoun) it is not declined/inflected and it is separated by a form of "sein" (to be).

 

b) German adjectives can also come before the noun.

Now comes the difficult part. Adjectives are generally declined/inflected when they come before a noun. The ending of the adjective depends on several things:

 gender of the noun (masculine, feminine, neuter) 
 case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative)
– definite article (der, die, das) or indefinite articles (ein, eine)
plural or singular noun

 

Here are some examples with the adjective "blau":

Please don't try to learn the patterns by heart! 
You would probably freak out! 
At the moment I just want to show you how complicated it can get.

 

  Click the play button and listen

Der blaue Ball 
(the blue ball; masculine gender, nominative, definite article, singular)

Die blauen Bälle 
(the blue balls; masculine gender, nominative, definite article, plural

Die blaue Jeans 
(the blue jeans; feminine gender, nominative, definite article, singular) 

Das blaue Monster
(the blue monster, nominative, definite article, neuter gender, singular)

Ein blauer Ball 
(a blue ball, masculine gender, nominative, indefinite article, singular) 

Blaue Bälle 
(blue balls, masculine gender, nominative, no article, plural

Eine blaue Jeans 
(a blue jeans; feminine gender, nominative, indefinite article, singular) 

Ein blaues Monster
(a blue monster; neuter gender, nominative, indefinite article, singular)

These are only a few possible combinations and as you can see, this is not easy and can get very tricky!!!
And in these examples I only use the nominative case. Just imagine I would throw in the other three cases as well 🙁

For those who really love grammar and want to learn the grammar rules regarding the declined adjectives by heart (against my advice) can check out this Wiki page: 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_adjectives

 

You are probably thinking right now, "how should I ever get this into my head?" And, "how do other students learn this stuff?" 

There are two ways! 

1) Most students go to German classes or buy grammar books and try to hammer these rules into their heads. They learn these rules by heart! You can imagine that this could take some time and effort and that this is not the most fun thing to do. And there is another problem, the rules are so abstract that they will never enter your long term memory! So in order to apply these rules when needed you need to repeat them over and over again. If you don't do this, you will forget them sooner or later. 

2) There is another way and my subscribers who signed up to my free email course (check the sidebar) know this. If you are using the storytelling method and you are practicing with my audio stories, you don't need to worry about these grammar rules, because step by step you will develop a natural feeling for the correct word endings. The more you practice with my stories the more familiar you get with the German structure, the word order and the word endings.     

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you want to check out my whole collection of audio stories and vocabulary lessons, please have a look here >>> Online Store 

 

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für The Adjectives | Autor:

Useful German Phrases – Part 4

Mittwoch, 14. September 2016 9:32

 

Basic German Lessons

Here are more useful German phrases like:
Excuse me, Can you help me? and more.

 

Logo Basic German

 


 

Useful German Phrases – Part 4

Here are more useful German phrases that you should know. Please also check my other basic lessons (right sidebar).

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Entschuldigen Sie!   Excuse me! (formal)
Entschuldige!   Excuse me! (informal)
     
Ich spreche kein Deutsch.   I don't speak German.
Ich spreche nicht sehr gut Deutsch.   I don't speak German very well.
     
Sprechen Sie Englisch?   Do you speak English? (formal)
Sprichst du Englisch?   Do you speak English? (informal)
     
Ja, ein bisschen.   Yes, a little.
Wie sagt man das auf Deutsch?   How do you say this in German?
     
Bitte sagen Sie das noch einmal.   Please say that again. (formal)
Bitte sag das noch einmal.   Please say that again. (informal)

 

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Bitte sprechen Sie langsamer.   Please speak more slowly. (formal)
Bitte sprich langsamer.   Please speak more slowly. (informal)
     
Ich weiß.   I know.
Ich weiß nicht.   I don't know.
     
Können Sie mir helfen?   Can you help me? (formal)
Kannst du mir helfen?   Can you help me? (informal)
     
Wo ist der Flughafen?   Where is the airport?
Wieviel kostet das?   How much does that cost?
     
Gute Reise!   Have a good trip!
Vielen Dank.   Thank you very much.

 

 

Click the play button and listen

Erfolg ist die Summe der kleinen Bemühungen, Tag für Tag wiederholt.

Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day in and day out.

 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more survival German lessons step by step.

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für Useful German Phrases – Part 4 | Autor:

The Future Tense

Mittwoch, 22. Juni 2016 12:04

 

Basic German Lessons

The German Future Tense 

 

Future Tense - German

 

The future tense in German is not that difficult. If you read the following carefully you will master this subject very fast. 

 

Using the present tense to express the future

In many cases you can use the present tense and just add some words or time phrases that indicate the future.


For example:

 Click the play button and listen

in 20 Minuten in 20 minutes 
heute Abend tonight 
morgen tomorrow
morgen früh tomorrow morning
übermorgen the day after tomorrow
nächste Woche next week

 

Some example sentences:

 Click the play button and listen

Deine Schwester besucht dich nächsten Monat.
Your sister is visiting you next month. 

Mein Bruder fliegt nächstes Jahr nach Deutschland. 
My brother is flying to Germany next year.

Ich spiele morgen Piano. 
I'm playing the piano tomorrow.

As you can see the German verbs are in the present tense. 

 

The Future I

If you want to express the future tense you can almost always use the word "werden". It is not difficult and if you do understand the pattern then you can transform every sentence easily into the future form. Even irregular verbs are easy because they follow the same pattern. You only need to know how to conjugate one word = "werden" (will / become).

 Click the play button and listen

pronoun werden meaning
     
ich  werde I will (I become)
du wirst you will (you become)
er / sie / es wird he/she/it will (he/she/it becomes)
wir werden we will (we become)
ihr werdet you will (you become)
sie / Sie*  werden they/you will (they/you become)

*Sie = polite form of you.

 

Let's take a look at some sentences:

 Click the play button and listen

Ich lerne Deutsch.
I study German. (I'm studying German.) 

Du lernst Deutsch.
You study German. (You're studying German.) 

Er lernt Deutsch.
He studies German. (He is studying German.)  


If you want to transform these sentences into the future tense you just replace the verbs (lerne, lernst, lernt) with the conjugated form of "werden" and put the verb "lernen" at the end of the sentence in the main form (full verb). Remember – German verbs (in the basic form) have mostly an "en" at the end.

 

Ich lerne Deutsch.

1) Replace "lerne" with "werde"
2) Change "lerne" to the full verb "lernen" and put it to the end of the sentence.

Gegenwart (present): Ich lerne Deutsch.
Zukunft (future) => Ich werde Deutsch lernen


Gegenwart: Du lernst Deutsch. 
Zukunft: Du wirst Deutsch lernen.  


Gegenwart: Er lernt Deutsch. 
Zukunft: Er wird Deutsch lernen.

 

Here are more examples.

 Click the play button and listen

Gegenwart
Ich
fliege zum Mond.
I'm flying to the moon. 

Zukunft
Ich
werde zum Mond fliegen.
I will fly to the moon.

 

Du liest ein Buch.
You are reading a book. 

Du wirst ein Buch lesen.
You will read a book.

 

Maria küsst Fabian 
Maria is kissing Fabian.  

Maria wird Fabian küssen.
Maria will kiss Fabian.  

 

Wir kaufen ein Auto.
We are buying a car. 

Wir werden ein Auto kaufen.
We will buy a car.

 

Ihr* trinkt Orangensaft.
* Ihr = in the sense of "you all".
You are drinking orange juice. 

Ihr werdet Orangensaft trinken.
You will drink orange juice. 

 

Sie gehen in die Schule.
They go to school. 

Sie werden in die Schule gehen.
They will go to school.

 

Remember:

The conjugated verb will be replaced by the conjugated form of the word "werden" and then goes to the end of the sentence in the main form. 

Note: In English there is also the possibility to use "I’m going to…" to express the future. Don't translate it literally to German, it would make no sense! 

 

 

Of course you can add words or time phrases in addition:

 Click the play button and listen

Gegenwart: 
Ich
fliege zum Mond.
I'm flying to the moon. 

Zukunft:
Ich
werde nächste Woche zum Mond fliegen.
I will fly to the moon next week. 

 

Du liest ein Buch.
You are reading a book. 

Du wirst morgen ein Buch lesen.
You will read a book tomorrow.

 

Maria küsst Fabian 
Maria is kissing Fabian.

Maria wird heute Abend Fabian küssen.
Maria will kiss Fabian tonight.  

 

Don't worry about grammar or word order too much. If you practice with my packages regularly (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package) you will learn these things automatically just by listening and without learning any rules by heart. I recommend doing these online basic lessons only in addition to my packages to deepen your knowledge of the German language.  

 

 

Question and Answer Part.

Future Tense - German

 Click the play button and listen

Listen and try to answer the questions before the recorded speaker. Do this exercise several times until you can answer the questions easily out loud.

 

Ich werde zum Mond fliegen.  

Frage: Wohin werde ich fliegen? 
Kurze Antwort: Zum Mond
Lange Antwort: Ich werde zum Mond fliegen. 


Du wirst ein Buch lesen. 

Frage: Wirst du ein Buch oder eine Zeitung (newspaper) lesen? 
Kurze Antwort: Ein Buch.
Lange Antwort: Du wirst ein Buch lesen.  


Wir werden heute Abend ein Auto kaufen. 

Frage: Werden wir heute Abend ein Auto kaufen?
Ja, wir werden heute Abend ein Auto kaufen. 


Maria wird Fabian küssen. 

Frage: Wird Maria Klaus küssen?
Antwort: Nein, Maria wird nicht Klaus küssen.
Antwort: Maria wird Fabian küssen.  

Frage: Wird Maria Fabian so richtig abknutschen (smother with kisses)?
Antwort: Genau (that's right), Maria wird Fabian so richtig abknutschen.

 

_ _ _ 

Did you know that I created a lot of funny audio stories and vocabulary lessons? If you would like to practice with my funny audio stories up to a fluent level, I recommend my packages (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package). You can read and listen a lot and you will improve your German faster than ever before. If you don't understand a word you can check the English translation. Every lesson and story has also a big question and answer part (this will help you to think in German and this is the key to fluency). My audio stories are for beginners with a little experience, for intermediate and advanced students who are not yet able to speak German fluently. 

Please have a look >>> Online Store

 

How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar (like this basic lesson on this page). If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

> 40% reading and listening
Listen to easy and clearly spoken German and read the unabridged German text at the same time. The text should be translated or should have a vocabulary aid. This saves a lot of time because you don't have to look up all new words in a dictionary. This way you will not only learn new words but also the pronunciation, the spelling, the structure and even grammar up to a certain point.

> 40% practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you want to check out my whole collection of audio stories and vocabulary lessons, please have a look here >>> Online Store

 

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für The Future Tense | Autor:

Tell Time in German

Samstag, 19. Dezember 2015 17:28

 

 

Basic German Lessons

Telling Time in German

 

Tell time in German

 

In this lesson you will learn how to tell the time in German. Have you learned the numbers 1 to 59 yet? Well, if not, you can learn them here:

>>> How to count in German up to 999.999 

 

Besides the numers you need to know these words: 

 Click the play button and listen

 

Es ist … => It is … 

Uhr => o'clock 

Viertel => quarter

halb => half

nach => past (after)

vor => to (before)

Wie spät ist es? => What time is it?

 

Let's look at some examples:

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 1 

When we have a full hour we put the word "Uhr" at the end.

1 Uhr: Es ist ein Uhr. = It's one o'clock.

10 Uhr: Es ist zehn Uhr. = It's ten o'clock.

 

Check my pronunciation. Especially the "g" at the end of a word. Many Germans pronounce the "g" at the end of a word like a "ch". 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 2 

To tell the exact time you say the hour and then the minutes but make sure you put the word "Uhr" this time between the hour and the minutes.

2:16 Uhr – Es ist zwei Uhr sechzehn. = It's two sixteen.

3:25 Uhr  Es ist drei Uhr fünfundzwanzig. = It's three twenty-five.

7:34 Uhr  Es ist sieben Uhr vierunddreißig. = It's seven thirty-four.

5:45 Uhr  Es ist fünf Uhr fünfundvierzig. = It's five fourty-five.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 3 

Another way of telling the time is to use the word "nach". This time you say the minutes first.

10:05 Uhr – Es ist fünf nach zehn. = It's five past (after) ten.

12:10 Uhr – Es ist zehn nach zwölf. = It's ten past (after) twelve.

4:02 Uhr – Es ist zwei nach vier. = It's two past (after) four.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 4

If we have less than 30 minutes to the next hour we can use the word "vor". 

2:50 Uhr – Es ist zehn vor drei. = It's ten to (before) three.

3:40 Uhr – Es ist zwanzig vor vier. = It's twenty to (before) four.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 5 

You can divide an hour like a pie into quarters (4×15 minutes) and use the words "Viertel vor" or "Viertel nach". 

8:45 Uhr – Es ist Viertel vor neun. = It's (a) quarter to nine.

6:15 Uhr – Es ist Viertel nach sechs. = It's (a) quarter past six.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 6 

In German it is a little tricky when we have 30 minute left to the next hour. You use the word "halb" but then you add the next hour!

Be careful!

8:30 Uhr – Es ist halb neun. = It's half past eight.
(In the sense of: It's half way to nine.) 

9:30 Uhr – Es ist halb zehn. = It's half past nine.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 7 

We Germans use the 24-hour system. If you see an hour greater than 12 just substract 12 to get the p.m. time.    

13:00 Uhr – Es ist dreizehn Uhr = It's 1pm. (13 – 12 = 1)

15:00 UhrEs ist fünfzehn Uhr = It's 3pm. (15 – 12 = 3)

17:30 UhrEs ist siebzehn Uhr dreißig = It's 5:30pm. (17 – 12 = 5)

19:16 Uhr – Es ist neunzehn Uhr sechzehn = It's 7:16pm. (19 – 12 = 7)

20:45 Uhr – Es ist zwanzig Uhr fünfundvierzig. = It's 8:45pm. (20 – 12 = 8)

 

In order to express the 24-hour time use only the way that I described in example No 1 and No 2!

 

Remember, in order to tell every possible time you just need the examples No 1 and No 2. Let's practice a little with the examples of No 1 and No 2.  

Listen and try to answer the questions:

 Click the play button and try to answer the questions

 

1:00 Uhr

Question: Wie spät ist es? = What time is it?

Your Answer: Es ist ein Uhr. = It's one o'clock

 

10:00 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist zehn Uhr.

 

13:00 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist dreizehn Uhr.

 

4:02 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist vier Uhr zwei.

 

10:05 Uhr 

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist zehn Uhr fünf.

 

12:10 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist zwölf Uhr zehn.

 

17:30 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist siebzehn Uhr dreißig.

 

3:25 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist drei Uhr fünfundzwanzig.

 

5:45 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist fünf Uhr fünfundvierzig.

 

7:34 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist sieben Uhr vierunddreißig.

 

19:16 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist neunzehn Uhr sechzehn.

 

Now go to The Future Tense

_ _ _ 

How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar. If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

> 40% Reading and listening
Listen to easy and clearly spoken German and read the unabridged German text at the same time. The text should be translated or should have a vocabulary aid. This saves a lot of time because you don't have to look up all new words in a dictionary. This way you will not only learn new words but also the pronunciation, the spelling, the structure and even grammar up to a certain point.

> 40% Practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you would like to practice with more of my funny audio stories, I recommend my "Package XL" (download version). You can read and listen a lot. If you don't understand a word you can check the English translation. Every lesson and story has also a big question and answer part.

Please have a look in my store: >>> Special Offer

 

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für Tell Time in German | Autor:

German Umlauts

Montag, 29. Juni 2015 11:06

 

Basic German Lessons

How to pronouce the German umlauts: ä, ö, ü 

 

German umlauts

 

The German alphabet consists of 26 basic letters. There are also umlauted forms. We have three of them in German (ä, ö and ü). Can you see the little dots over the vowels?

 

 Click the play button and listen

 

Ä   Ö   Ü

 

The “ä” is pronounced like the:
a” in “apple” or the
ai” in “air”.

The “ö” sounds similar to the:
e” in “her”,
i” in “bird”,
ea” in "earn”,
u” in “burn
or the French “eu”.

The German “ü” doesn’t have a real equal in English. However, maybe you know how to pronounce the letter “u” in French, it sounds just like the German “ü”.

 

 Click the play button and listen

 

Here are some words with the umlaut "ä":
(Most of the time the "ä" sounds similar to the German "e")

das Mädchen the girl
die Bären the bears
die Käfer the beetles

 

Here are some words with the umlaut "ö":

schön beautiful
die Löwen the lions
die Vögel the birds
blöd stupid

 

Here are some words with the umlaut "ü":

küssen to kiss
üben to exercise
dünn thin
die Prüfung the exam
für for

 

 


 

Let's build some example sentences. Remember the rule: "Never learn just individual words!" If you don't know the most important learning rules, sign up to my free email course and learn all about them. 

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Das Mädchen ist dünn und schön.
The girl is thin and beautiful. 


Löwen, Bären, Vögel und Käfer sind Tiere.  
Lions, bears, birds and beetles are animals. 


Wir üben für die Prüfung. 
We are practicing for the exam. 


Prüfungen sind blöd.  
Exams are stupid.

 

Try to answer the following questions.
If you cannot answer them right away, don't worry – Listen to all sound files on this page 5, 10 or 20 times every day until you can. Repetition is the key. Practicing with the question and answer technique will enable your brain to think in German step by step and
this is very important if you want to speak German fluently some day!

 

 Click the play button and listen


Question: Wer (who) ist dünn und schön?
Answer 1: Das Mädchen
Answer 2: Das Mädchen ist dünn und schön.


Question: Was (what) sind Löwen, Bären, Vögel und Käfer?  
Answer 1: Tiere 
Answer 2: Löwen, Bären, Vögel und Käfer sind Tiere.   


Question: Für was üben wir?
Answer 1: Für die Prüfung.
Answer 2: Wir üben für die Prüfung.  


Question: Sind Prüfungen blöd?  
Answer: Ja, Prüfungen sind blöd. 
Prüfungen sind blöd, doof und total bescheuert. 
smiley

 

Note: If you cannot write the German umlauts with your keyboard, just write the vowel without the dots and then add an “e”:
ä => ae
ö => oe
ü => ue

So for example küssen becomes kuessen (to kiss)

 

Now go to Tell Time in German

_ _ _ 

How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar. If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

> 40% Reading and listening
Listen to easy and clearly spoken German and read the unabridged German text at the same time. The text should be translated or should have a vocabulary aid. This saves a lot of time because you don't have to look up all new words in a dictionary. This way you will not only learn new words but also the pronunciation, the spelling, the structure and even grammar up to a certain point.

> 40% Practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you would like to practice with more of my funny audio stories, I recommend my "Package XL" (download version). You can read and listen a lot. If you don't understand a word you can check the English translation. Every lesson and story has also a big question and answer part.

Please have a look in my store: >> Package XL

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für German Umlauts | Autor:

Useful German Phrases

Freitag, 22. März 2013 10:48

 

Basic German Lessons

Here are more useful German phrases like:
Good luck, Bon appétit and more.

 

Logo Basic German

 


 

Useful German Phrases – Part 3

Click the play button and listen

 

  Viel Glück!   Good luck!
  Herzlichen Glückwunsch!   Congratulations!
       
  Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!   Happy Birthday!
  Herzlichen Glückwunsch
zum Geburtstag!
  Happy Birthday!
       
  Frohe Ostern!   Happy Easter!
  Fröhliche Weihnachten!   Merry Christmas!
  Frohes neues Jahr!   Happy New Year!
       
  Mist!   It sucks!
  Oh! Das ist toll!   Oh! That's great!
       
  Guten Appetit!   Bon appétit!
  Gesundheit!   God bless you! (after sneezing)
  Gute Besserung!   Get well soon!

 

Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 


 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more survival German lessons step by step.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Du bist niemals zu alt, um ein weiteres Ziel zu setzen
oder einen neuen Traum zu träumen.

You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream.

Now go to The German Umlauts

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German, Useful German Phrases | Kommentare deaktiviert für Useful German Phrases | Autor:

Our – Your – Their – in German

Dienstag, 19. Februar 2013 17:07

 

Basic German Lessons

Today, I will show you how to use the words:
 
our, your and their in German.

 

Logo Basic German

 

Our, your and their in German

I recommend repeating basic lesson 18
and basic lesson 22 before you do this lesson.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

  unser / unsere   our
       
  Unser Opa ist sehr stark.   Our grandfather is very strong.
       
  Unsere Oma ist sehr hübsch.   Our grandmother is very pretty.
       
  Unser Opa ist stärker als unsere Oma.   Our grandfather is stronger than our grandmother.
       
  Aber unsere Oma ist hübscher
als unser Opa!
  But our grandmother is prettier
than our grandfather!
       
  Unser Opa sagt immer zu ihr:
"Du bist das aller Schönste,
was mir je passiert ist."
  Our grandfather always says to her:
"You are the most beautiful thing
that has ever happened to me."
       
  Und unsere Oma antwortet immer:
"Jede Frau ist schön, nur manchmal
bedarf es den richtigen Mann,
um das zu sehen."
  And our grandmother always replies:
"Every woman is beautiful,
it sometimes just takes the
right guy to see it."
       
  Sie sind noch immer sehr verliebt.   They are still very much in love.
       
  der Opa
  => unser Opa
   
       
  die Oma
  =>
unsere Oma
   
       
       
       
  euer / eure   your
       
  Lehrer: "Lisa und Tom,
wo ist euer Bruder?"
  Teacher: "Lisa and Tom,
where is your brother?"
       
  Tom: "Unser Bruder ist zu Hause."   Tom: "Our brother is at home!"
       
  Lehrer: "Und was macht
euer Bruder da?"
  Teacher: "What is your
brother doing there?"
       
  Tom: "Er hat mehr Spaß als wir!"   Tom: "He is having more fun than we do."
       
  Lehrer: "Lisa und Tom,
wo sind
eure Hausaufgaben?"
  Teacher: "Lisa and Tom,
where is
your homework?"
       
  Tom: "Wir haben unsere Hausaufgaben
in einer Schlägerei verloren. Ein paar
dumme Kinder haben gesagt, Sie wären
nicht der beste Lehrer (in) der Schule."
  Tom: "We lost our homework
in a fight. Some stupid kids
said you weren't the best
teacher in school."
  Lehrer: indecision   Teacher: indecision 
       
  der Bruder
  => euer Bruder
   
       
  die Hausaufgaben
  =>
eure Hausaufgaben
   
       
       
       
  ihr / ihre   their
       
  Meine Eltern sagen immer es ist ihr
Haus, aber wenn es Zeit wird sauber zu
machen, wird es auf magische Weise
auch mein Haus.
  My parents always say it is their
house, but when it is time
to clean, it magically becomes
my house too.
       
  Meine Eltern sagen immer es ist ihre
Wohnung, aber wenn es Zeit wird
sauber zu machen, wird sie auf
magische Weise auch meine Wohnung.
*
  My parents always say it is
their flat, but when it is time
to clean, it magically becomes
my flat too.
       
  das Haus
  => ihr Haus
   
       
  die Wohnung
  =>
ihre Wohnung
   

 

* Did you notice the little changes in the sentence when we use a feminine noun (die Wohnung) instead of a neuter noun (das Haus). If not, have a look at lesson 12 again. 

 

Here is a little summary of lesson 22 and 23 in form of a table. But I want to give you a tip. Don't try to memorize this grammar table. This is just to show you that there are differences. The best way to master grammar is not to learn grammar rules by heart, but to feel the grammar. When you speak, you need to feel what is right and what is wrong.

A good way to develop this feeling is by listening a lot to easy and understandable German. I recommend doing my TPRS lessons (stories) and my vocabulary units. If you repeat them many times your listening ability and your feeling for the correct grammar will improve. The more you listen the better you get.

 

     das der die die (plural)
my   mein mein meine meine
your   dein dein deine deine
his/its   sein sein seine seine
her   ihr ihr ihre ihre
our   unser unser unsere unsere
your   euer euer eure eure
their   ihr ihr ihre ihre

 

Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für Our – Your – Their – in German | Autor:

My – Your – His – Her – in German

Dienstag, 12. Juni 2012 15:50

 

Basic German Lessons

This time I am going to show how to use the words:
my, your, his and her in German.

 

Logo Basic German

 

My – Your – His – Her – in German

I recommend repeating basic lesson 18 before you do this lesson.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

  mein / meine   my
       
  Mein Vater ist sehr klein.   My father is very short.
  Meine Mutter ist sehr groß.   My mother is very tall.
  Mein Vater ist kleiner als meine Mutter.   My father is shorter than my mother.
  Mein Vater ist so klein, man kann seine
Füße auf seinem Passfoto sehen!
  My father is so short, you can see his feet
on his passport photo!
       
  der Vater
=> mein Vater
   
  die Mutter
=>
meine Mutter
   
       
       
  dein / deine   your
       
  Dein Opa ist sehr alt.   Your grandfather is very old.
  Deine Oma ist sehr jung.   Your grandmother is very young.
  Dein Opa ist älter als deine Oma.   Your grandfather is older than your grandmother.
  Dein Opa ist so alt, seine
Sozialversicherungsnummer ist 1!
  Your grandfather is so old,
his social security number is 1!
       
  der Opa
=> dein Opa
   
  die Oma
=>
deine Oma
   
       
       
  sein / seine   his
       
  Pauls Zahnarzt hat seine
Zahnarztpraxis geschlossen.
  Paul's dentist has closed
his dental practice.
  Sein Zahnarzt hat seine Zahnarztpraxis
geschlossen.
  His dentist has closed
his dental practice.
  Seine Zähne sind sehr gelb.   His teeth are very yellow.
  Seine Zähne sind so gelb, dass der
Verkehr sich verlangsamt,
wenn er lächelt!
  His teeth are so yellow,
traffic slows down when he smiles!
       
  der Zahnarzt
=> sein Zahnarzt
   
  die Zahnarztpraxis
=>
seine
Zahnarztpraxis
   
  die Zähne (plural)  singular: der Zahn
=>
seine
Zähne
   
       
       
  ihr / ihre   her
       
  Marias Auto ist sauber.   Maria's car is clean.
  Ihr Auto ist sauber.   Her car is clean.
  Ihre Wohnung ist schmutzig.   Her apartment is dirty.
  Ihre Wohnung ist schmutziger als ihr Auto.   Her apartment is dirtier than her car.
  Ihre Wohnung ist so schmutzig,
sie muss
ihre Schuhe putzen,
bevor sie nach draußen geht.
  Her apartment is so dirty,
she has to wipe her shoes
before she goes outside.
       
  das Auto
=> ihr Auto
   
  die Wohnung
=>
ihre
Wohnung
   
  die Schuhe (plural)  singular: der Schuh
=>
ihre
Schuhe
   

 

Don't worry about the technical terms like possessive adjectives.
It is more important that you get the idea how to use the words.

my mein / meine  
your dein / deine  
his sein / seine  
her ihr / ihre  

 

Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für My – Your – His – Her – in German | Autor:

Important German Words and Phrases – Part 1

Dienstag, 22. Mai 2012 12:52

 

Basic German Lessons

Important German Phrases Part 1

This time I am going to show you some very important
German words and phrases.

 

Logo Basic German

 


 

Important words and phrases – Part 1

Click the play button and listen

 

  Ja   Yes
  Nein   No
  Bitte   Please
  Danke   Thank you
  Vielen Dank   Thank you very much
       
  Hallo   Hello
  Guten Morgen   Good morning
  Guten Tag   Good day
  Guten Abend   Good evening
  Gute Nacht   Good night
  Auf Wiedersehen   Good bye
  Tschüs   Bye
       
  Bitte schön /
Keine Ursache /
Gern geschehen /
Nichts zu danken
  You are welcome
       
  Entschuldigung   Excuse me
  Es tut mir leid   I am sorry
  Kein Problem   No problem

 

Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 


 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more mini lessons step by step.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Nichts ist besonders hart, wenn man es in kleine Einheiten aufteilt. Mache jede Lektion sorgfältig und wenn du dich wohlfühlst gehe über zur nächsten Lektion.

Nothing is particularly hard if you divide it into small portions. Do every lesson carefully and when you feel comfortable go on to the next lesson.

Now go to The German Words: mögen – kein/keine

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German, Useful German Phrases | Kommentare deaktiviert für Important German Words and Phrases – Part 1 | Autor:

The Verb: „like“ in German

Dienstag, 22. Mai 2012 12:33

 

Basic German Lessons

The word "mögen" – "to like"

 

Logo Basic German

 


 

Listen to the sentences and find out how to say: … like(s).

 

Click the play button and listen

 

  mögen   to like
       
  Die Frau mag Äpfel.   The woman likes apples.
       
  Der Junge mag keine Äpfel.   The boy doesn't like apples.
  Der Junge mag Süßigkeiten.   The boy likes sweets.
       
  Der Mann mag keine Süßigkeiten.   The man doesn't like sweets.
  Der Mann mag Bier.   The man likes beer.
       
  Das Mädchen mag kein Bier.   The girl doesn't like beer.
  Das Mädchen mag Schokolade.   The girl likes chocolate.

 


 

Question and Answer Part

Click the play button

Listen and try to answer the questions

 

Repeat this lesson as long as it takes to answer the questions yourself.
Don't worry: No one is born a master!

 

Was mag die Frau?

Äpfel
Die Frau mag Äpfel.
Sie mag Äpfel.


Mag der Junge Äpfel?

Nein, der Junge mag keine Äpfel.
Er mag keine Äpfel.


Was mag der Junge?

Süßigkeiten
Der Junge mag Süßigkeiten.
Er mag Süßigkeiten.


Mag der Mann Süßigkeiten?

Nein, der Mann mag keine Süßigkeiten.
Er mag keine Süßigkeiten.


Mag der Mann Äpfel?

Nein, der Mann mag auch keine Äpfel.
Er mag auch keine Äpfel.


Was mag der Mann dann?

Bier
Der Mann mag Bier.
Er mag Bier.
Ach so! (I see!)


Mag das Mädchen Schokolade oder Bier?

Schokolade
Natürlich (of course) Schokolade
Das Mädchen mag Schokolade.
Das Mädchen mag natürlich kein Bier.
Das Mädchen mag nur (only) Schokolade.
Es mag Schokolade.

Remember: "es" because of "das Mädchen"
Another example: Das Haus ist rot => Es ist rot.
But in this case it is also OK to say: "Sie mag Schokolade",
because a girl is a female being.

 


 

Höre dir die Sätze an
Listen to the sentences

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Der Junge mag Süßigkeiten, aber keine Äpfel.
Der Mann mag Bier, aber keine Süßigkeiten.
Das Mädchen mag Schokolade, aber kein Bier.

 

 

 


 

Nur zum Üben

Click the play button and listen

 

Das Verb "mögen" = "to like" (irregular verb).

Ich mag Schokolade.
Du magst Süßigkeiten.
Er mag keine Süßigkeiten.
Sie mag kein Bier.
Es mag Milch.

Wir mögen Ferien.
Ihr mögt Deutsch.
Sie mögen keine Spinnen.


Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 

 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more mini lessons step by step.

 

Versuche dich selbst zu motivieren
Try to motivate yourself

 

.

Click the play button and listen

 

Thomas A. Edison:

Ich bin nicht entmutigt, denn jeder erkannte Irrtum ist ein weiterer Schritt nach vorne.

I am not discouraged, because every wrong attempt discarded is another step forward.

Now go to German Opposites

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für The Verb: „like“ in German | Autor: