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The Adjectives

Dienstag, 11. Oktober 2016 13:21

 

Basic German Lessons

The German Adjectives  


Please read this before you start with the lesson:

This lesson could be a little confusing if you do it for the first time. However, I recommend reading all of it from top to bottom very carefully. Take your time! You do not need to understand all of the rules instantly but you need to be aware that the word endings of adjectives can change.  

Additional note for my students:

If you are practicing with my packages (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package) please do not learn any grammar rules regarding the adjectives by heart. It is not necessary. You just need to be aware that the endings of the adjectives can change. If you are aware of this, your brain will automatically focus on the endings while you are reading my stories and you will recognize and learn what causes the changes step by step. Developing a natural feeling for this is much more effective than learning grammar rules by heart. However, please also read this page carefully and practice with the exercises below.

 

German grammar makes me look like this

 

 

What are adjectives?

Adjectives are used to describe or characterize things or people. They are necessary to make the meanings of sentences more exact or clearer.

Here are some examples:  

  Click the play button and listen

Colors:
rot (red), blau (blue), gelb (yellow), orange (orange), grün (green) … 

Adjectives to describe time:
früh (early), spät (late), schnell (fast), langsam (slow) … 

Adjectives to describe an emotion or feeling:
hungrig (hungry), fröhlich (cheerful), glücklich (happy), nervös (nervous) … 

Adjectives to describe size:
klein (little), lang (long), dünn (thin), winzig (tiny) …  

Adjectives to describe taste: 
süß, (sweet), salzig (salty), bitter (bitter), lecker (tasty) … 

Adjectives to describe touch:
kalt (cold), warm (warm), nass (wet), weich (soft) … 

Adjectives to describe sound:
laut (loud), leise (quiet), still (silent), schrill (shrill) … 

​Adjectives to describe shape: 
rund (round), flach (flat), gebogen (curved), hohl (hollow) …

and much much more …

 

Do I have to decline German adjectives?

Well, yes and no. Let me explain this.

Have you ever wondered why German adjectives often change their word ending? For example the word "blau" (which means: blue). 

Sometimes we just write: "blau" but other times we write: blaue, blauen, blaues, blauer – What the heck is this?

Even I think this is absurd, and I'm a native German speaker wink  


Here is the thing:

German adjectives can come …

a) after the noun or
b) before the noun.

This is very important to know because the adjectives are generally declined/inflected when they come before a noun and they are not when they come after the noun.

Do you know what a noun is? 
Any word in front of which you can place one of the articles: "der", "die" or "das" (or the English article "the") is a noun.

For example: der Himmel (the sky), die Sonne = (the sun), das Auto (the car).

German adjectives that come after the noun are not declined/inflected and often separated from the noun by a form of "sein" (to be) like: "ist" (is) if the noun is in a singular form or "sind" (are) if the noun is in the plural form.
 

Do you remember Basic Lesson No 4?

In Basic Lesson No 4 you practiced with sentences that follow this structure with the word "ist". 

As you can see in the sample sentences, the adjectives come after the nouns and are separated from the nouns by the word "ist".

  Click the play button and listen

 

  Der Himmel ist blau.   The sky is blue.
       
  Die Sonne ist gelb.   The sun is yellow.
       
  Der Nordpol ist kalt.   The North Pole is cold.
       
  Die Hölle ist heiß.   The Hell is hot.

 

As you can see the adjectives: "blau", "gelb", "kalt" and "heiß" are not declined/inflected because they come after the nouns

So remember, the easiest way to describe a noun with an adjective is to put the adjective after the noun. This way you don't have to think about declination at all.

 

Let's do some exercises: 

I'm going to give you a part of a sentence and then I will ask a question. You will then answer the question by changing the structure so that the adjective comes after the noun. 

  Click the play button and listen

Part of a sentence:
Der blaue Himmel (the blue sky) 

Question: 
Wie ist der Himmel? 

Your answer:
Der Himmel ist blau


Let's do some more:  

Die gelbe Sonne (the yellow sun)
Wie ist die Sonne?
=> Die Sonne ist
gelb.


Der kalte Nordpol (the cold North Pole)
Wie ist der Nordpol?
=> Der Nordpol ist
kalt.


Die heiße Hölle (the hot Hell)
Wie ist die Hölle?
=> Die Hölle ist
heiß.


Das schnelle Rennauto (the fast racing car) 
Wie ist das Rennauto?
=> Das Rennauto ist
schnell.


Ein schnelles Rennauto (a fast racing car) 
Wie ist ein Rennauto?
=> Ein Rennauto ist
schnell.


Eine kleine Maus (a little mouse)
Wie ist eine Maus – groß oder klein?
Eine Maus ist
klein


Die kleinen Mäuse (the little mice)
Wie sind die Mäuse?
Die Mäuse sind*
klein
*We use "sind" because the noun "Mäuse" is in the plural form.

 

Using a pronoun instead of a noun

I want to seize the chance and integrate something into this lesson that you have learned in a previous lesson. You already know from lesson No 5, 9 and 10 that instead of a noun you can also use a pronoun like: ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr and sie.

If you don't know what I'm talking about you could check out these lessons wink 

Basic Lesson 5
Basic Lesson 9 and 
Basic Lesson 10

 

For example: 

You can replace the noun: "Himmel"
with the pronoun: "er" (he) because "Himmel" is masculine (der Himmel). 

You can replace the noun: "Sonne"
with the pronoun: "sie" (she) because it is 
feminine (die Sonne). 

You can replace the noun: "Rennauto"
with the pronoun: "es" (it) because it is 
neuter (das Rennauto). 

You can replace the noun: "Rennautos"
with the pronoun: "sie" (they) because it is a plural noun
 (die* Rennautos).
* A plural noun has always the article "die". It doesn't matter if the gender is 
masculine, feminine or neuter. 

 

OK let's do these exercises:

I'm going to give you a sentence with a noun and then I will ask a question but instead of the noun I will use the correct pronoun. Then you will answer the question using the same pronoun. This way you can practice pronouns and you will be remembered that the German adjective – when it comes after the noun/pronoun – is not declined/inflected.

 

  Click the play button and listen

Part of a sentence:
Der blaue Himmel (the blue sky) 

Question: 
Wie ist er

Your answer:
Er ist blau


Die gelbe Sonne (the yellow sun) 
Wie ist sie?
=> Sie ist
gelb.


Der kalte Nordpol (the cold North Pole)
Wie ist er?
=> Er ist
kalt


Das schnelle Rennauto (the fast racing car) 
Wie ist es?
=> Es ist
schnell


Die kleinen Mäuse (the little mice)
Wie sind sie (they)?
Sie sind*
klein
*We use "sind" because the noun "Mäuse" is in the plural form.

 

So far we have replaced the nouns with the following pronouns: 

er (he), sie (she), es (it) and sie (they)
and that's why we use "ist" and " sind" to separate the noun/pronoun from the adjective: 

Er ist = he is  
Sie ist = she is
Es
ist = it is 

Sie sind = they are

If you want to use the other pronouns (ich, du, wir, ihr) then you need to use the matching form of "sein" (to be)

Do you know how to conjugate the verb "sein" (to be)?

Here it comes:

The verb "sein" = "to be" (irregular verb).

  Click the play button and listen

Ich bin = I am 
Du
bist = you are
Er 
ist = he is
Sie 
ist = she is
Es
ist = it is 

Wir sind = we are 
Ihr
seid = you (all) are 
Sie
sind = they are

 

Examples with the remaining pronouns:

  Click the play button and listen

Ich bin glücklich (happy).

Du bist hungrig (hungry).

Wir sind laut (loud).

Ihr seid langsam (slow).

As you can see the pattern is still the same. When the adjective comes after the noun (in this case the pronoun) it is not declined/inflected and it is separated by a form of "sein" (to be).

 

b) German adjectives can also come before the noun.

Now comes the difficult part. Adjectives are generally declined/inflected when they come before a noun. The ending of the adjective depends on several things:

 gender of the noun (masculine, feminine, neuter) 
 case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative)
– definite article (der, die, das) or indefinite articles (ein, eine)
plural or singular noun

 

Here are some examples with the adjective "blau":

Please don't try to learn the patterns by heart! 
You would probably freak out! 
At the moment I just want to show you how complicated it can get.

 

  Click the play button and listen

Der blaue Ball 
(the blue ball; masculine gender, nominative, definite article, singular)

Die blauen Bälle 
(the blue balls; masculine gender, nominative, definite article, plural

Die blaue Jeans 
(the blue jeans; feminine gender, nominative, definite article, singular) 

Das blaue Monster
(the blue monster, nominative, definite article, neuter gender, singular)

Ein blauer Ball 
(a blue ball, masculine gender, nominative, indefinite article, singular) 

Blaue Bälle 
(blue balls, masculine gender, nominative, no article, plural

Eine blaue Jeans 
(a blue jeans; feminine gender, nominative, indefinite article, singular) 

Ein blaues Monster
(a blue monster; neuter gender, nominative, indefinite article, singular)

These are only a few possible combinations and as you can see, this is not easy and can get very tricky!!!
And in these examples I only use the nominative case. Just imagine I would throw in the other three cases as well 🙁

For those who really love grammar and want to learn the grammar rules regarding the declined adjectives by heart (against my advice) can check out this Wiki page: 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_adjectives

 

You are probably thinking right now, "how should I ever get this into my head?" And, "how do other students learn this stuff?" 

There are two ways! 

1) Most students go to German classes or buy grammar books and try to hammer these rules into their heads. They learn these rules by heart! You can imagine that this could take some time and effort and that this is not the most fun thing to do. And there is another problem, the rules are so abstract that they will never enter your long term memory! So in order to apply these rules when needed you need to repeat them over and over again. If you don't do this, you will forget them sooner or later. 

2) There is another way and my subscribers who signed up to my free email course (check the sidebar) know this. If you are using the storytelling method and you are practicing with my audio stories, you don't need to worry about these grammar rules, because step by step you will develop a natural feeling for the correct word endings. The more you practice with my stories the more familiar you get with the German structure, the word order and the word endings.     

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you want to check out my whole collection of audio stories and vocabulary lessons, please have a look here >>> Online Store 

 

 

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Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für The Adjectives | Autor:

Useful German Phrases – Part 4

Mittwoch, 14. September 2016 9:32

 

Basic German Lessons

Here are more useful German phrases like:
Excuse me, Can you help me? and more.

 

Logo Basic German

 


 

Useful German Phrases – Part 4

Here are more useful German phrases that you should know. Please also check my other basic lessons (right sidebar).

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Entschuldigen Sie!   Excuse me! (formal)
Entschuldige!   Excuse me! (informal)
     
Ich spreche kein Deutsch.   I don't speak German.
Ich spreche nicht sehr gut Deutsch.   I don't speak German very well.
     
Sprechen Sie Englisch?   Do you speak English? (formal)
Sprichst du Englisch?   Do you speak English? (informal)
     
Ja, ein bisschen.   Yes, a little.
Wie sagt man das auf Deutsch?   How do you say this in German?
     
Bitte sagen Sie das noch einmal.   Please say that again. (formal)
Bitte sag das noch einmal.   Please say that again. (informal)

 

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Bitte sprechen Sie langsamer.   Please speak more slowly. (formal)
Bitte sprich langsamer.   Please speak more slowly. (informal)
     
Ich weiß.   I know.
Ich weiß nicht.   I don't know.
     
Können Sie mir helfen?   Can you help me? (formal)
Kannst du mir helfen?   Can you help me? (informal)
     
Wo ist der Flughafen?   Where is the airport?
Wieviel kostet das?   How much does that cost?
     
Gute Reise!   Have a good trip!
Vielen Dank.   Thank you very much.

 

 

Click the play button and listen

Erfolg ist die Summe der kleinen Bemühungen, Tag für Tag wiederholt.

Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day in and day out.

 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more survival German lessons step by step.

 

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Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für Useful German Phrases – Part 4 | Autor:

The Future Tense

Mittwoch, 22. Juni 2016 12:04

 

Basic German Lessons

The German Future Tense 

 

Future Tense - German

 

The future tense in German is not that difficult. If you read the following carefully you will master this subject very fast. 

 

Using the present tense to express the future

In many cases you can use the present tense and just add some words or time phrases that indicate the future.


For example:

 Click the play button and listen

in 20 Minuten in 20 minutes 
heute Abend tonight 
morgen tomorrow
morgen früh tomorrow morning
übermorgen the day after tomorrow
nächste Woche next week

 

Some example sentences:

 Click the play button and listen

Deine Schwester besucht dich nächsten Monat.
Your sister is visiting you next month. 

Mein Bruder fliegt nächstes Jahr nach Deutschland. 
My brother is flying to Germany next year.

Ich spiele morgen Piano. 
I'm playing the piano tomorrow.

As you can see the German verbs are in the present tense. 

 

The Future I

If you want to express the future tense you can almost always use the word "werden". It is not difficult and if you do understand the pattern then you can transform every sentence easily into the future form. Even irregular verbs are easy because they follow the same pattern. You only need to know how to conjugate one word = "werden" (will / become).

 Click the play button and listen

pronoun werden meaning
     
ich  werde I will (I become)
du wirst you will (you become)
er / sie / es wird he/she/it will (he/she/it becomes)
wir werden we will (we become)
ihr werdet you will (you become)
sie / Sie*  werden they/you will (they/you become)

*Sie = polite form of you.

 

Let's take a look at some sentences:

 Click the play button and listen

Ich lerne Deutsch.
I study German. (I'm studying German.) 

Du lernst Deutsch.
You study German. (You're studying German.) 

Er lernt Deutsch.
He studies German. (He is studying German.)  


If you want to transform these sentences into the future tense you just replace the verbs (lerne, lernst, lernt) with the conjugated form of "werden" and put the verb "lernen" at the end of the sentence in the main form (full verb). Remember – German verbs (in the basic form) have mostly an "en" at the end.

 

Ich lerne Deutsch.

1) Replace "lerne" with "werde"
2) Change "lerne" to the full verb "lernen" and put it to the end of the sentence.

Gegenwart (present): Ich lerne Deutsch.
Zukunft (future) => Ich werde Deutsch lernen


Gegenwart: Du lernst Deutsch. 
Zukunft: Du wirst Deutsch lernen.  


Gegenwart: Er lernt Deutsch. 
Zukunft: Er wird Deutsch lernen.

 

Here are more examples.

 Click the play button and listen

Gegenwart
Ich
fliege zum Mond.
I'm flying to the moon. 

Zukunft
Ich
werde zum Mond fliegen.
I will fly to the moon.

 

Du liest ein Buch.
You are reading a book. 

Du wirst ein Buch lesen.
You will read a book.

 

Maria küsst Fabian 
Maria is kissing Fabian.  

Maria wird Fabian küssen.
Maria will kiss Fabian.  

 

Wir kaufen ein Auto.
We are buying a car. 

Wir werden ein Auto kaufen.
We will buy a car.

 

Ihr* trinkt Orangensaft.
* Ihr = in the sense of "you all".
You are drinking orange juice. 

Ihr werdet Orangensaft trinken.
You will drink orange juice. 

 

Sie gehen in die Schule.
They go to school. 

Sie werden in die Schule gehen.
They will go to school.

 

Remember:

The conjugated verb will be replaced by the conjugated form of the word "werden" and then goes to the end of the sentence in the main form. 

Note: In English there is also the possibility to use "I’m going to…" to express the future. Don't translate it literally to German, it would make no sense! 

 

 

Of course you can add words or time phrases in addition:

 Click the play button and listen

Gegenwart: 
Ich
fliege zum Mond.
I'm flying to the moon. 

Zukunft:
Ich
werde nächste Woche zum Mond fliegen.
I will fly to the moon next week. 

 

Du liest ein Buch.
You are reading a book. 

Du wirst morgen ein Buch lesen.
You will read a book tomorrow.

 

Maria küsst Fabian 
Maria is kissing Fabian.

Maria wird heute Abend Fabian küssen.
Maria will kiss Fabian tonight.  

 

Don't worry about grammar or word order too much. If you practice with my packages regularly (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package) you will learn these things automatically just by listening and without learning any rules by heart. I recommend doing these online basic lessons only in addition to my packages to deepen your knowledge of the German language.  

 

 

Question and Answer Part.

Future Tense - German

 Click the play button and listen

Listen and try to answer the questions before the recorded speaker. Do this exercise several times until you can answer the questions easily out loud.

 

Ich werde zum Mond fliegen.  

Frage: Wohin werde ich fliegen? 
Kurze Antwort: Zum Mond
Lange Antwort: Ich werde zum Mond fliegen. 


Du wirst ein Buch lesen. 

Frage: Wirst du ein Buch oder eine Zeitung (newspaper) lesen? 
Kurze Antwort: Ein Buch.
Lange Antwort: Du wirst ein Buch lesen.  


Wir werden heute Abend ein Auto kaufen. 

Frage: Werden wir heute Abend ein Auto kaufen?
Ja, wir werden heute Abend ein Auto kaufen. 


Maria wird Fabian küssen. 

Frage: Wird Maria Klaus küssen?
Antwort: Nein, Maria wird nicht Klaus küssen.
Antwort: Maria wird Fabian küssen.  

Frage: Wird Maria Fabian so richtig abknutschen (smother with kisses)?
Antwort: Genau (that's right), Maria wird Fabian so richtig abknutschen.

 

_ _ _ 

Did you know that I created a lot of funny audio stories and vocabulary lessons? If you would like to practice with my funny audio stories up to a fluent level, I recommend my packages (Package XL, Upgrade Package and Fairy Tale Package). You can read and listen a lot and you will improve your German faster than ever before. If you don't understand a word you can check the English translation. Every lesson and story has also a big question and answer part (this will help you to think in German and this is the key to fluency). My audio stories are for beginners with a little experience, for intermediate and advanced students who are not yet able to speak German fluently. 

Please have a look >>> Online Store

 

How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar (like this basic lesson on this page). If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

> 40% reading and listening
Listen to easy and clearly spoken German and read the unabridged German text at the same time. The text should be translated or should have a vocabulary aid. This saves a lot of time because you don't have to look up all new words in a dictionary. This way you will not only learn new words but also the pronunciation, the spelling, the structure and even grammar up to a certain point.

> 40% practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you want to check out my whole collection of audio stories and vocabulary lessons, please have a look here >>> Online Store

 

 

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Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für The Future Tense | Autor:

Is Grammar Important?

Donnerstag, 18. Februar 2016 14:00

Ist Grammatik wichtig?

Is Grammar Important?

 

 

Vor nicht allzu langer Zeit erhielt ich eine E-Mail von einem meiner Abonnenten und er schrieb: "Ich bin nicht Ihrer Meinung, dass wir keine Grammatik lernen sollten. Ein gebildeter Mann benutzt immer gewisse Regeln um Sätze zu bilden…" – Es war eine Reaktion auf meine Regel Nr. 2, die du hier finden kannst: http://leicht-deutsch-lernen.com/dont-study-grammar-rules   

Not long ago I received an email from one of my subscribers and he wrote: "I don't agree with you that we should not study grammar. An educated man always uses certain rules in the construction of sentences…" – It was a reaction to my rule No 2 that you can find here: http://leicht-deutsch-lernen.com/dont-study-grammar-rules 


Normalerweise sage ich nicht: "Lern niemals Grammatik!", sondern eher: "Konzentriere dich nicht zu sehr auf Grammatik!" (besonders nicht am Anfang). Meiner Meinung und Erfahrung nach, wenn du zu früh anfängst deutsche Grammatik zu lernen wird es dich nur frustrieren und du wirst wahrscheinlich früher oder später aufgeben. 

Usually I don't say: "Never study grammar!", but rather: "Don't focus too much on grammar!" (especially not in the beginning). In my opinion and experience if you study German grammar too soon, you will get frustrated and probably give up sooner or later.  


Nun, wenn du Grammatik liebst, dann ist das etwas anderes, aber die meisten Studenten tun das nicht und nach einer Weile sind sie einfach nur erschöpft und wollen ihre deutschen Grammatikbücher so hart sie können gegen die Wand schmeißen. Das ist verständlich, denn die deutsche Grammatik ist nicht einfach und Studenten, die sich zu sehr darauf konzentrieren machen nur wenig Fortschritt.

Well, if you love grammar that's different but most students don't and after a while they are just exhausted and want to throw their German grammar books as hard as they can against the wall. This is understandable because German grammar is not easy and students who focus too much on it make only little progress. 


Ich beobachte die Verbesserungen meiner Studenten seit Jahren und ich kann dir versichern, dein Fortschritt wird viel größer sein, wenn du dich in den ersten 6 bis 8 Monaten nicht zu sehr auf Grammatik konzentrierst. Das entspricht ungefähr der Zeit, die meine Studenten benötigen, um sich durch meine Lektionspakete zu arbeiten.

I have been observing the improvement of my students for years and I can assure you, your progress will be much higher if you don't focus on grammar during the first 6 to 8 months. This is about the time my students need to finish my lesson packages


Nachdem du 6 bis 8 Monate mit der "Storytelling-Methode" geübt hast, wirst du in der Lage sein dich in Deutsch zu unterhalten und dann hast du das richtige Niveau, um über kompliziertere Grammatik nachzudenken. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt wirst du mehr als nur ein Grundverständnis für die deutsche Sprache haben, du wirst die Struktur kennen, die Wortreihenfolge und du wirst mit den Änderungen der Wortendungen vertraut sein. 

After 6 to 8 months of practicing with the storytelling method, you will be able to have conversations in German and then you have the right level to start thinking about more difficult grammar. By this time you will have more than a basic understanding of the German language, you will know the structure, the word order and you will be familiar with the changes of the word endings.


Wenn du dieses Niveau erreicht hast, werden viele Grammatikregeln endlich einen Sinn für dich ergeben, sogar diese, die dir am Anfang total fremd vorkamen. Nachdem du 6 bis 8 Monate mit meinen Audio-Geschichten geübt hast, wirst du ein natürliches Gefühl für die Grammatik entwickelt haben. Du wirst in vielen Fällen einfach fühlen was richtig und was falsch ist. Genauso wie jemand der Englisch spricht es fühlen kann das: "I like him." (richtig ist) und "I like he." (falsch ist), so kann ein Student, der die "Storytelling-Methode" benutzt sehr schnell fühlen das: "Ich mag ihn." (richtig ist) und "Ich mag er." (falsch ist), sogar wenn er niemals zuvor etwas von Personalpronomen, Subjektpronomen oder Objektpronomen gehört hat.  

When you have reached this level then a lot of grammar rules will finally make sense to you, even those who were totally alien for you in the beginning. After 6 to 8 months of practicing with my audio stories you will have developed a natural feeling for grammar, you will just feel what is right and what is wrong in many cases. Just like an English speaker can feel that: "I like him." (is right) and "I like he." (is wrong) so can a student who uses the storytelling method feel very soon that: "Ich mag ihn." (is right) and "Ich mag er." (is wrong) even if he or she has never heard of personal pronouns, subject pronouns and object pronouns before. 


Also warum solltest du deine Zeit verschwenden, um Grammatik zu lernen, die du auch automatisch erlernen kannst, indem du mit der "Storytelling-Methode" lernst. Es ist doch eine viel bessere Idee so viel Grammatik wie möglich auf eine natürliche Weise zu lernen und hinterher dich auf schwerere Grammatik zu konzentrieren, die du nicht so einfach mit meiner Methode lernen kannst. Ja, selbst die "Storytelling-Methode" hat ihre Grenzen! 

So why should you waste your time to learn grammar that you can learn automatically just my practicing with the storytelling method? It is a much better idea to learn as much grammar as possible in a very natural way and after that you can focus on more difficult grammar that you cannot learn so easily with my method. Yes, even the storytelling method has its limits!  


Ich stimme zu, dass wenn du perfekt sein willst und selbstsicher sprechen und schreiben möchtest, dann musst du auch Grammatik lernen, aber nach meiner Auffassung ist das erst der nächste Schritt und sollte nicht zu früh erfolgen. Das ist etwas für fortgeschrittene Studenten, die bereits fließend –  ich meine nicht perfekt, aber fließend – sprechen können und jetzt die letzten Fehler beseitigen wollen. 

I agree that if you want to be perfect and fully confident with speaking and writing, you do need to study and learn grammar but in my opinion this is the next step and shouldn't be done too soon. This is for advanced students, who already speak German fluently – I mean not perfectly but fluently – and want to get rid of the last mistakes they do. 


Bitte verstehe mich nicht falsch. Ich erwarte nicht, dass meine Studenten meine Ratschläge blind befolgen. Jeder muss seinen eigenen Weg finden. Ich versuche nur meine Erfahrungen und mein Wissen mit allen zu teilen, so dass sie nicht die gleichen Fehler machen wie all die anderen, die versucht haben so Deutsch zu lernen und letztendlich versagten oder sehr viel kostbare Zeit verschwendeten. Wenn du es richtig machst, kannst du Deutsch in Monaten anstelle von Jahren lernen. 

Please don't get me wrong. I don't expect that my students follow my advice blindly. Everybody needs to find their own way. I only try to share my experience and knowledge with all so that they don't make the same mistakes like all the others who tried to learn German this way and failed eventually or wasted a lot of precious time. If you do it right, you can learn German in months instead of years.  


Natürlich ist das alles nur meine Meinung und wenn du dem nicht zustimmst ist das total in Ordnung. Wenn du glaubst, dass ich falsch liege, mach weiter so wie bisher. Wenn du mir nicht glaubst, lass uns doch einen Versuch machen. Konzentriere dich für ein Jahr auf Grammatik und danach erzähle mir von deinem Fortschritt. Ich bin mir ziemlich sicher, dass du frustriert, enttäuscht und wütend auf dich selbst sein wirst, weil du ein ganzes Jahr verschwendet hast. 

Of course all this is only my option and if you don't agree, that's totally fine. If you think I'm wrong, go on as up to now. If you don't believe me, let's put it to the test. Focus on grammar for the next year and after that year let me know about your progress. I'm pretty sure that you will be frustrated, disappointed and angry with yourself because you wasted a whole year.  


Natürlich hoffe ich, dass du dieses Experiment nicht durchführen möchtest und stattdessen lieber mit meinen "Frage-Und-Antwort-Geschichten" üben möchtest. Es ist ein Rezept für den Erfolg! 

Of course I hope that you don't want to make this experiment and instead want to practice with my "Listen and Answer Stories". 
It's a recipe for success! wink

 

German Stories and Lessons MP3 PDF

>>> Check them out!

 

  

Have fun 
Lucas Kern

 

Thema: Allgemein, Tips | Kommentare deaktiviert für Is Grammar Important? | Autor:

Tell Time in German

Samstag, 19. Dezember 2015 17:28

 

 

Basic German Lessons

Telling Time in German

 

Tell time in German

 

In this lesson you will learn how to tell the time in German. Have you learned the numbers 1 to 59 yet? Well, if not, you can learn them here:

>>> How to count in German up to 999.999 

 

Besides the numers you need to know these words: 

 Click the play button and listen

 

Es ist … => It is … 

Uhr => o'clock 

Viertel => quarter

halb => half

nach => past (after)

vor => to (before)

Wie spät ist es? => What time is it?

 

Let's look at some examples:

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 1 

When we have a full hour we put the word "Uhr" at the end.

1 Uhr: Es ist ein Uhr. = It's one o'clock.

10 Uhr: Es ist zehn Uhr. = It's ten o'clock.

 

Check my pronunciation. Especially the "g" at the end of a word. Many Germans pronounce the "g" at the end of a word like a "ch". 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 2 

To tell the exact time you say the hour and then the minutes but make sure you put the word "Uhr" this time between the hour and the minutes.

2:16 Uhr – Es ist zwei Uhr sechzehn. = It's two sixteen.

3:25 Uhr  Es ist drei Uhr fünfundzwanzig. = It's three twenty-five.

7:34 Uhr  Es ist sieben Uhr vierunddreißig. = It's seven thirty-four.

5:45 Uhr  Es ist fünf Uhr fünfundvierzig. = It's five fourty-five.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 3 

Another way of telling the time is to use the word "nach". This time you say the minutes first.

10:05 Uhr – Es ist fünf nach zehn. = It's five past (after) ten.

12:10 Uhr – Es ist zehn nach zwölf. = It's ten past (after) twelve.

4:02 Uhr – Es ist zwei nach vier. = It's two past (after) four.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 4

If we have less than 30 minutes to the next hour we can use the word "vor". 

2:50 Uhr – Es ist zehn vor drei. = It's ten to (before) three.

3:40 Uhr – Es ist zwanzig vor vier. = It's twenty to (before) four.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 5 

You can devide an hour like a pie into quarters (4×15 minutes) and use the words "Viertel vor" or "Viertel nach". 

8:45 Uhr – Es ist Viertel vor neun. = It's (a) quarter to nine.

6:15 Uhr – Es ist Viertel nach sechs. = It's (a) quarter past six.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 6 

In German it is a little tricky when we have 30 minute left to the next hour. You use the word "halb" but then you add the next hour!

Be careful!

8:30 Uhr – Es ist halb neun. = It's half past eight.
(In the sense of: It's half way to nine.) 

9:30 Uhr – Es ist halb zehn. = It's half past nine.

 

 Click the play button and listen

Example No 7 

We Germans use the 24-hour system. If you see an hour greater than 12 just substract 12 to get the p.m. time.    

13:00 Uhr – Es ist dreizehn Uhr = It's 1pm. (13 – 12 = 1)

15:00 UhrEs ist fünfzehn Uhr = It's 3pm. (15 – 12 = 3)

17:30 UhrEs ist siebzehn Uhr dreißig = It's 5:30pm. (17 – 12 = 5)

19:16 Uhr – Es ist neunzehn Uhr sechzehn = It's 7:16pm. (19 – 12 = 7)

20:45 Uhr – Es ist zwanzig Uhr fünfundvierzig. = It's 8:45pm. (20 – 12 = 8)

 

In order to express the 24-hour time use only the way that I described in example No 1 and No 2!

 

Remember, in order to tell every possible time you just need the examples No 1 and No 2. Let's practice a little with the examples of No 1 and No 2.  

Listen and try to answer the questions:

 Click the play button and try to answer the questions

 

1:00 Uhr

Question: Wie spät ist es? = What time is it?

Your Answer: Es ist ein Uhr. = It's one o'clock

 

10:00 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist zehn Uhr.

 

13:00 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist dreizehn Uhr.

 

4:02 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist vier Uhr zwei.

 

10:05 Uhr 

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist zehn Uhr fünf.

 

12:10 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist zwölf Uhr zehn.

 

17:30 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist siebzehn Uhr dreißig.

 

3:25 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist drei Uhr fünfundzwanzig.

 

5:45 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist fünf Uhr fünfundvierzig.

 

7:34 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist sieben Uhr vierunddreißig.

 

19:16 Uhr

Wie spät ist es?

Es ist neunzehn Uhr sechzehn.

 

Now go to The Future Tense

_ _ _ 

How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar. If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

> 40% Reading and listening
Listen to easy and clearly spoken German and read the unabridged German text at the same time. The text should be translated or should have a vocabulary aid. This saves a lot of time because you don't have to look up all new words in a dictionary. This way you will not only learn new words but also the pronunciation, the spelling, the structure and even grammar up to a certain point.

> 40% Practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you would like to practice with more of my funny audio stories, I recommend my "Package XL" (download version). You can read and listen a lot. If you don't understand a word you can check the English translation. Every lesson and story has also a big question and answer part.

Please have a look in my store: >>> Special Offer

 

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für Tell Time in German | Autor:

German Umlauts

Montag, 29. Juni 2015 11:06

 

Basic German Lessons

How to pronouce the German umlauts: ä, ö, ü 

 

German umlauts

 

The German alphabet consists of 26 basic letters. There are also umlauted forms. We have three of them in German (ä, ö and ü). Can you see the little dots over the vowels?

 

 Click the play button and listen

 

Ä   Ö   Ü

 

The “ä” is pronounced like the:
a” in “apple” or the
ai” in “air”.

The “ö” sounds similar to the:
e” in “her”,
i” in “bird”,
ea” in "earn”,
u” in “burn
or the French “eu”.

The German “ü” doesn’t have a real equal in English. However, maybe you know how to pronounce the letter “u” in French, it sounds just like the German “ü”.

 

 Click the play button and listen

 

Here are some words with the umlaut "ä":
(Most of the time the "ä" sounds similar to the German "e")

das Mädchen the girl
die Bären the bears
die Käfer the beetles

 

Here are some words with the umlaut "ö":

schön beautiful
die Löwen the lions
die Vögel the birds
blöd stupid

 

Here are some words with the umlaut "ü":

küssen to kiss
üben to exercise
dünn thin
die Prüfung the exam
für for

 

 


 

Let's build some example sentences. Remember the rule: "Never learn just individual words!" If you don't know the most important learning rules, sign up to my free email course and learn all about them. 

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Das Mädchen ist dünn und schön.
The girl is thin and beautiful. 


Löwen, Bären, Vögel und Käfer sind Tiere.  
Lions, bears, birds and beetles are animals. 


Wir üben für die Prüfung. 
We are practicing for the exam. 


Prüfungen sind blöd.  
Exams are stupid.

 

Try to answer the following questions.
If you cannot answer them right away, don't worry – Listen to all sound files on this page 5, 10 or 20 times every day until you can. Repetition is the key. Practicing with the question and answer technique will enable your brain to think in German step by step and
this is very important if you want to speak German fluently some day!

 

 Click the play button and listen


Question: Wer (who) ist dünn und schön?
Answer 1: Das Mädchen
Answer 2: Das Mädchen ist dünn und schön.


Question: Was (what) sind Löwen, Bären, Vögel und Käfer?  
Answer 1: Tiere 
Answer 2: Löwen, Bären, Vögel und Käfer sind Tiere.   


Question: Für was üben wir?
Answer 1: Für die Prüfung.
Answer 2: Wir üben für die Prüfung.  


Question: Sind Prüfungen blöd?  
Answer: Ja, Prüfungen sind blöd. 
Prüfungen sind blöd, doof und total bescheuert. 
smiley

 

Note: If you cannot write the German umlauts with your keyboard, just write the vowel without the dots and then add an “e”:
ä => ae
ö => oe
ü => ue

So for example küssen becomes kuessen (to kiss)

 

Now go to Tell Time in German

_ _ _ 

How can I learn German in a few months instead of years? 

If you want to learn to speak German fluently, you should read and listen to German at least 20-30 minutes every day. Use an iPod or a mobile phone and listen on your way to work/school and 10 minutes before you go to sleep!

Here is a general advice:

Focus < 10% on grammar. If you like grammar you can practice with my basic online lessons (check the sidebar for more lessons). However, don't focus too much on grammar, it would only slow you down and by the way, if you read and listen a lot to the German language you will learn grammar automatically up to a certain point. 

> 40% Reading and listening
Listen to easy and clearly spoken German and read the unabridged German text at the same time. The text should be translated or should have a vocabulary aid. This saves a lot of time because you don't have to look up all new words in a dictionary. This way you will not only learn new words but also the pronunciation, the spelling, the structure and even grammar up to a certain point.

> 40% Practicing with the question and answer technique
It is very powerful and the best technique if you want to learn
to speak a foreign language. It will enable you step by step to think in German (even dream in German). Being able to think in German is the key to fluency. If you cannot think in German, you cannot speak it! 

Save about 10% of your time for other things like listening to German songs or watching movies in German etc. 

Tip: Sign up to my free email course and load my mini story "Schneckenwitz" onto your iPod or mobile phone and listen to it many times. With every repetition you will get more familiar to the German language. 

If you would like to practice with more of my funny audio stories, I recommend my "Package XL" (download version). You can read and listen a lot. If you don't understand a word you can check the English translation. Every lesson and story has also a big question and answer part.

Please have a look in my store: >> Package XL

 

The ad below…  

… has nothing to do with my content.
So please
save this page or sign up (sidebar)
before you leave my website.

 

Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für German Umlauts | Autor:

Contest

Mittwoch, 12. Juni 2013 19:33

 

Top 100 Language Lovers 2016 (Contest)


The Top 100 Language Lovers, hosted by bab.la and Lexiophiles, is probably the largest competition for language enthusiasts! It is aimed at finding the best blogs, Facebook pages and Twitterers with a passion for languages. The competition has gathered 1,000 nominations and collected more than 30,000 votes.

The results of the contest are finally in and thanks to many votes of my fans, followers, subscribers and customers my: 

Twitter account (German should be fun) is the

#1 Top Language Twitter Account 2016 and my

Facebook Page (Learn-German-Easily) is the

#2 Top Language Facebook Page 2016

I'm very happy and thank everybody who supported me !!!!

 

#1 Top Language Twitter Account 2016 cheeky

Top 25 Language Twitterers 2016

Contest Language Lovers - Twitter

Check out: German should be fun@LearnXDGerman

Here are the Top 25 Language Twitterers 2016

 

 

#2 Top Language Facebook Page 2016 cool

Top 25 Language Facebook Pages 2016

Contest Language Lovers - Facebook

Check out: Learn German Easily

Here are the Top 25 Language Facebook Pages 2016

 

Many thanks to all who voted for me!!! I wish you a lot of fun with my postings on Facebook and my tweets on Twitter.

However, please always remember:

Reading is good but listening and speaking is better!

My posts on Facebook and my tweets on Twitter are great to encounter new words and phrases but you should also realize that you won't learn to speak German with them!

Listening, understanding and speaking have a strong bond. And if you want to speak German fluently, two things are very important and essential. If you neglect them, you will never be able to speak German fluently – that is a fact:

1. You need to listen a lot to easy and clearly spoken German
2. You need to speak German yourself

The second point is the difficult part.
If you just try to speak, you will make many mistakes, for example mispronounce the words or use a wrong word order. And if you don't realize those mistakes they will stick in your mind and it will be very difficult to get rid of them. So please try to avoid that!  

With my lessons and stories you will listen a lot to easy and clearly spoken German and you will speak it as well. The question and answer part is the secret. This special technique will enable you to speak German without making the above mentioned mistakes. That's why so many people are successful and start speaking German fluently after only a couple of months or weeks (it depends on the number of repetitions). So if you also want to speak German fluently, I recommend the big package offer. You will have a lot of fun – I promise!

German Lessons - Online Store

Download Now
 

 

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So please
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Thema: Allgemein | Kommentare deaktiviert für Contest | Autor:

Useful German Phrases

Freitag, 22. März 2013 10:48

 

Basic German Lessons

Here are more useful German phrases like:
Good luck, Bon appétit and more.

 

Logo Basic German

 


 

Useful German Phrases – Part 3

Click the play button and listen

 

  Viel Glück!   Good luck!
  Herzlichen Glückwunsch!   Congratulations!
       
  Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!   Happy Birthday!
  Herzlichen Glückwunsch
zum Geburtstag!
  Happy Birthday!
       
  Frohe Ostern!   Happy Easter!
  Fröhliche Weihnachten!   Merry Christmas!
  Frohes neues Jahr!   Happy New Year!
       
  Mist!   It sucks!
  Oh! Das ist toll!   Oh! That's great!
       
  Guten Appetit!   Bon appétit!
  Gesundheit!   God bless you! (after sneezing)
  Gute Besserung!   Get well soon!

 

Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 


 

This is not the end.
I'm going to add more survival German lessons step by step.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

Du bist niemals zu alt, um ein weiteres Ziel zu setzen
oder einen neuen Traum zu träumen.

You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream.

Now go to The German Umlauts

 

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So please
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Thema: Basic German, Useful German Phrases | Kommentare deaktiviert für Useful German Phrases | Autor:

Our – Your – Their – in German

Dienstag, 19. Februar 2013 17:07

 

Basic German Lessons

Today, I will show you how to use the words:
 
our, your and their in German.

 

Logo Basic German

 

Our, your and their in German

I recommend repeating basic lesson 18
and basic lesson 22 before you do this lesson.

 

Click the play button and listen

 

  unser / unsere   our
       
  Unser Opa ist sehr stark.   Our grandfather is very strong.
       
  Unsere Oma ist sehr hübsch.   Our grandmother is very pretty.
       
  Unser Opa ist stärker als unsere Oma.   Our grandfather is stronger than our grandmother.
       
  Aber unsere Oma ist hübscher
als unser Opa!
  But our grandmother is prettier
than our grandfather!
       
  Unser Opa sagt immer zu ihr:
"Du bist das aller Schönste,
was mir je passiert ist."
  Our grandfather always says to her:
"You are the most beautiful thing
that has ever happened to me."
       
  Und unsere Oma antwortet immer:
"Jede Frau ist schön, nur manchmal
bedarf es den richtigen Mann,
um das zu sehen."
  And our grandmother always replies:
"Every woman is beautiful,
it sometimes just takes the
right guy to see it."
       
  Sie sind noch immer sehr verliebt.   They are still very much in love.
       
  der Opa
  => unser Opa
   
       
  die Oma
  =>
unsere Oma
   
       
       
       
  euer / eure   your
       
  Lehrer: "Lisa und Tom,
wo ist euer Bruder?"
  Teacher: "Lisa and Tom,
where is your brother?"
       
  Tom: "Unser Bruder ist zu Hause."   Tom: "Our brother is at home!"
       
  Lehrer: "Und was macht
euer Bruder da?"
  Teacher: "What is your
brother doing there?"
       
  Tom: "Er hat mehr Spaß als wir!"   Tom: "He is having more fun than we do."
       
  Lehrer: "Lisa und Tom,
wo sind
eure Hausaufgaben?"
  Teacher: "Lisa and Tom,
where is
your homework?"
       
  Tom: "Wir haben unsere Hausaufgaben
in einer Schlägerei verloren. Ein paar
dumme Kinder haben gesagt, Sie wären
nicht der beste Lehrer (in) der Schule."
  Tom: "We lost our homework
in a fight. Some stupid kids
said you weren't the best
teacher in school."
  Lehrer: indecision   Teacher: indecision 
       
  der Bruder
  => euer Bruder
   
       
  die Hausaufgaben
  =>
eure Hausaufgaben
   
       
       
       
  ihr / ihre   their
       
  Meine Eltern sagen immer es ist ihr
Haus, aber wenn es Zeit wird sauber zu
machen, wird es auf magische Weise
auch mein Haus.
  My parents always say it is their
house, but when it is time
to clean, it magically becomes
my house too.
       
  Meine Eltern sagen immer es ist ihre
Wohnung, aber wenn es Zeit wird
sauber zu machen, wird sie auf
magische Weise auch meine Wohnung.
*
  My parents always say it is
their flat, but when it is time
to clean, it magically becomes
my flat too.
       
  das Haus
  => ihr Haus
   
       
  die Wohnung
  =>
ihre Wohnung
   

 

* Did you notice the little changes in the sentence when we use a feminine noun (die Wohnung) instead of a neuter noun (das Haus). If not, have a look at lesson 12 again. 

 

Here is a little summary of lesson 22 and 23 in form of a table. But I want to give you a tip. Don't try to memorize this grammar table. This is just to show you that there are differences. The best way to master grammar is not to learn grammar rules by heart, but to feel the grammar. When you speak, you need to feel what is right and what is wrong.

A good way to develop this feeling is by listening a lot to easy and understandable German. I recommend doing my TPRS lessons (stories) and my vocabulary units. If you repeat them many times your listening ability and your feeling for the correct grammar will improve. The more you listen the better you get.

 

     das der die die (plural)
my   mein mein meine meine
your   dein dein deine deine
his/its   sein sein seine seine
her   ihr ihr ihre ihre
our   unser unser unsere unsere
your   euer euer eure eure
their   ihr ihr ihre ihre

 

Sign up for free and get more lessons and learning tips
step by step (sidebar top right corner) 

 

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Thema: Basic German | Kommentare deaktiviert für Our – Your – Their – in German | Autor:

Tips for learning vocabulary

Donnerstag, 20. September 2012 10:21

 

Tips for Learning Vocabulary

 

Labeling Objects (not just for elementary students)

Make your living environment a living dictionary. Use sticky notes or something else that won't damage anything. Label your door, chair, table, mirror, refrigerator, bed, stove, jewelry, lamp even your toilet brush or whatever you like with the corresponding German words. However you shouldn't exaggerate it.

This is an easy and fun way to memorize things of everyday use. You create a kind of visual connection to the vocabulary and the words will be embedded deeply into your long-term memory.

Try it – it's fun! smiley

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Tipps für das Lernen von Vokabeln

Kleine Zettel an Objekte kleben und beschriften
(nicht nur für Grundschüler)

Mache dein Wohnumfeld zu einem lebendigen Wörterbuch. Verwende kleine Notizzettel oder etwas anderes, das nichts beschädigen kann. Beschrifte dann Tür, Stuhl, Tisch, Spiegel, Kühlschrank, Bett, Herd, Schmuck, Lampe sogar deine Toilettenbürste oder was auch immer du möchtest, mit den entsprechenden deutschen Wörtern. Allerdings solltest du es nicht übertreiben.

Dieses ist ein einfacher und lustiger Weg, Dinge des alltäglichen Lebens auswendig zu lernen. Du erstellst eine Art visuelle Verbindung zu dem Wortschatz her und die Worte werden tief in deinem Langzeitgedächtnis eingebettet.

Probiere es einfach mal aus – es macht Spaß! smiley
 

 

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